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Centrality of Religiosity, Schizotypy, and Human Values: The Impact of Religious Affiliation

1
Department of Psychology, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath BA2 7AY, UK
2
Cluster of Excellence Religion and Politics/Sociology of Religion, University of Munster, 48143 Munster, Germany
3
Institute of Psychology, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, 6099 Halle, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Religions 2019, 10(5), 297; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10050297
Received: 27 February 2019 / Revised: 22 April 2019 / Accepted: 23 April 2019 / Published: 28 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Research with the Centrality of Religiosity Scale (CRS))
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Abstract

Previous research has established a reliable link between religiosity and schizotypy as well as schizophrenia. However, past research mainly measured religiosity as a one-dimensional construct. In the present research (N = 189), we aimed to get a better understanding of the religiosity–schizotypy link by measuring religiosity using Huber’s five-dimensional model of Centrality of Religiosity, while also testing for curvilinear relations and potential moderators. We found negative small-to-medium-sized correlations between all five dimensions of religiosity and the schizotypy dimension of impulsive nonconformity, but no reliable associations with the other three dimensions of schizotypy: unusual experiences, cognitive disorganization, and introverted anhedonia. Some of these associations were moderated by religious affiliation: Religiosity and schizotypy correlated positively among non-members, but negatively among members of religious communities, suggesting that affiliation has a positive impact on the well-being of religious people. In line with Huber’s predictions, we found a reversed U-shape association between the religious dimension of private religious practice and schizotypy. Unexpectedly, however, conformity and tradition values did not moderate the relations between religiosity and schizotypy. We discuss our findings in terms of person–environment fit, the prevention hypothesis of the schizotypy-religiosity link, and offer implications for mental health practitioners. View Full-Text
Keywords: religiosity; schizotypy; human values; religious affiliation religiosity; schizotypy; human values; religious affiliation
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Hanel, P.H.P.; Demmrich, S.; Wolfradt, U. Centrality of Religiosity, Schizotypy, and Human Values: The Impact of Religious Affiliation. Religions 2019, 10, 297.

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