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Religions 2019, 10(4), 277; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10040277 (registering DOI)

Fasad, Hijra and Warlike Diaspora” from the Geographic Boundaries of Early Islam to a New Dar al-Hikma: Europe

1
Institute for Culture and Society, University of Navarra, Campus of the University of Navarra, 31009 Pamplona, Spain
2
Department of Religions Studies, University of Johannesburg, PO Box 524 Auckland Park, Johannesburg 2006, South Africa
Received: 15 January 2019 / Revised: 25 March 2019 / Accepted: 8 April 2019 / Published: 17 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Muslims Diaspora in Western Countries)
PDF [380 KB, uploaded 17 April 2019]

Abstract

This paper aims to emphasize the influence that “Classic” Islamic Thought had on the contemporary European-Islamic one regarding the conceptualization and action of emigration (hijra-hajara) through the geographical and juridical redefinition of the Old Continent as a new “house” (dar/bayt) in hosting a Muslim population. The analysis should also be considered in relation to the sectarian and violent phase which followed the peaceful one of the so-called “Arab Spring” and the current deflagration of part of the Middle East. During the proto-Islamic historical phase, the term muhajirun was adopted to define those who made the hijra, referring to the prophet Muhammad’s followers in 622. They aimed to live according to religious behaviour and started to be different from their polytheist society of origin; the same term was also used to categorize those who partially populated the new conquered territories in the following decades: Syria, Egypt, Mesopotamia, the Iranian plateau, etc., and who decided to take root and become in-urbanized. The contemporary juridical, political, and religious perception, before and after 2011, started to consider a different “emigration” perspective, which, not so differently from the original hijra conceptualization, is rooted in abandoning a land of warlike and sectarian violence to reach a geography where individual religious affiliation can be safeguarded.
Keywords: Hijra; Fasad; Jihad; Europe; Dar al-Islam; Dar al-Suhl; Dar al-Kufr; Dar al-Hikma Hijra; Fasad; Jihad; Europe; Dar al-Islam; Dar al-Suhl; Dar al-Kufr; Dar al-Hikma
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Demichelis, M. “Fasad, Hijra and Warlike Diaspora” from the Geographic Boundaries of Early Islam to a New Dar al-Hikma: Europe. Religions 2019, 10, 277.

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