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Open AccessArticle

Religion and Sex as Factors of Individual Differences of Reification in an Intercultural-Community-Based Society

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Department of Research Methods and Diagnosis in Education, Faculty of Education and Sport Science, University of Granada, 52005 Melilla, Spain
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Department of Social Science, Faculty of Education and Sport Science, University of Granada, 52005 Melilla, Spain
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Department of Developmental and Educational, Faculty of Education and Sport Science, University of Granada, 52005 Melilla, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Religions 2019, 10(11), 621; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10110621
Received: 15 October 2019 / Revised: 1 November 2019 / Accepted: 5 November 2019 / Published: 8 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Interfaith, Intercultural, International)
The objective of this study was to analyze individual differences of reification in an intercultural-community-based society while considering the variables of religion and sex in a sample of 1120 Spanish individuals: 810 women (72.5%) and 310 men (27.5%). Of these, 66.10% were Christian and 25% were Muslim, with reported ages ranging between 17 and 26 years old (mean age 19.84 years old). Once the quality parameters of the instrument (reification in community-based intercultural questionnaire) were determined, we confirmed the reliability and through confirmatory factor analysis using structural equation modeling methodology, data collection was initiated. The general results indicate that 87.50% of the respondents had been whistled at while walking along the street on at least one occasion. The ANOVA results indicate significant differences in sex and religion; women in the sample suffered greater feelings of reification in an intercultural-community-based society than men, with Muslim women specifically reporting the strongest results. The results demonstrate that women suffer more reification issues in their daily lives, with this sometimes due to their partners. Addressing this barrier to achieving equality between men and women is obligatory, so public and private institutions still have considerable work to do to achieve this goal. View Full-Text
Keywords: sex; religion; psychological health; violence; intercultural sex; religion; psychological health; violence; intercultural
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Olmos Gómez, M.C.; López Cordero, R.; Mohamed Mohand, L. Religion and Sex as Factors of Individual Differences of Reification in an Intercultural-Community-Based Society. Religions 2019, 10, 621.

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