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Religions 2019, 10(1), 63; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10010063

Muhammad, the Jews, and the Composition of the Qur’an: Sacred History and Counter-History

Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, Los Angeles, CA 90019, USA
Received: 3 September 2018 / Revised: 15 December 2018 / Accepted: 29 December 2018 / Published: 18 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remembering Jewish-Muslim Encounters: Challenges and Cooperation)
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Abstract

According to Islamic religious teachings, some Jews confirmed the authenticity of Muhammad’s prophethood and joined him. Most Jews, however, are condemned for both rejecting the Prophet and failing to live up to their own religious imperatives. Medieval polemics tended to be harsh and belligerent, but while Muslims and Christians produced polemics under the protection and encouragement of their own religious and political authorities, Jews lived everywhere as minority communities and therefore lacked such protection. In order to maintain their own sense of dignity Jews polemicized as well, but they had to be subtle in argument. One form of polemic produced by Jews and other subalterns is “counter-history,” which retells well-known narratives in a manner that questions or undermines their message. One such counter-history is an ancient Jewish re-telling of the traditional Muslim narrative of divine revelation. View Full-Text
Keywords: Qur’an; Islam; Judaism; revelation; counter-history; Muhammad; polemics; Judeo-Arabic; metanarrative; Medina Qur’an; Islam; Judaism; revelation; counter-history; Muhammad; polemics; Judeo-Arabic; metanarrative; Medina
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Firestone, R. Muhammad, the Jews, and the Composition of the Qur’an: Sacred History and Counter-History. Religions 2019, 10, 63.

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