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A Multifaceted Approach to Advance Oil Spill Modeling and Physical Oceanographic Research at the United States Bureau of Ocean Energy Management
Article

Numerical Modelling of Oil Spill Transport in Tide-Dominated Estuaries: A Case Study of Humber Estuary, UK

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Faculty of Engineering, Environment & Computing, Coventry University, Coventry CV1 5FB, UK
2
Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience (CAWR), Coventry University, Ryton-on-Dunsmore, Coventry CV8 3LG, UK
3
College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, UNISA, Florida 1709, South Africa
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HR Wallingford Ltd., Howbery Business Park, Crowmarsh Gifford, Wallingford OX10 8BA, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Merv Fingas
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9(9), 1034; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9091034
Received: 9 August 2021 / Revised: 4 September 2021 / Accepted: 10 September 2021 / Published: 19 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ocean Numerical Forecast Modelling of Oil Spill)
Oil spills in estuaries are less studied and less understood than their oceanic counterparts. To address this gap, we present a detailed analysis of estuarine oil spill transport. We develop and analyse a range of simulations for the Humber Estuary, using a coupled hydrodynamic and oil spill model. The models were driven by river discharge at the river boundaries and tidal height data at the offshore boundary. Satisfactory model performance was obtained for both model calibration and validation. Some novel findings were made: (a) there is a statistically significant (p < 0.05) difference in the influence of hydrodynamic conditions (tidal range, stage and river discharge) on oil slick transport; and (b) because of seasonal variation in river discharge, winter slicks released at high water did not exhibit any upstream displacement over repeated tidal cycles, while summer slicks travelled upstream into the estuary over repeated tidal cycles. The implications of these findings for operational oil spill response are: (i) the need to take cognisance of time of oil release within a tidal cycle; and (ii) the need to understand how the interaction of river discharge and tidal range influences oil slick dynamics, as this will aid responders in assessing the likely oil trajectories. View Full-Text
Keywords: oil spills; Humber; estuaries; modelling; tide-dominated; TELEMAC oil spills; Humber; estuaries; modelling; tide-dominated; TELEMAC
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MDPI and ACS Style

Eke, C.D.; Anifowose, B.; Van De Wiel, M.J.; Lawler, D.; Knaapen, M.A.F. Numerical Modelling of Oil Spill Transport in Tide-Dominated Estuaries: A Case Study of Humber Estuary, UK. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9, 1034. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9091034

AMA Style

Eke CD, Anifowose B, Van De Wiel MJ, Lawler D, Knaapen MAF. Numerical Modelling of Oil Spill Transport in Tide-Dominated Estuaries: A Case Study of Humber Estuary, UK. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2021; 9(9):1034. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9091034

Chicago/Turabian Style

Eke, Chijioke D., Babatunde Anifowose, Marco J. Van De Wiel, Damian Lawler, and Michiel A.F. Knaapen. 2021. "Numerical Modelling of Oil Spill Transport in Tide-Dominated Estuaries: A Case Study of Humber Estuary, UK" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 9, no. 9: 1034. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9091034

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