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Article

Laser Powder Bed Fusion of a Topology Optimized and Surface Textured Rudder Bulb with Lightweight and Drag-Reducing Design

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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Via La Masa 1, 20156 Milan, Italy
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Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Via Lambruschini, 4/B, 20156 Milan, Italy
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Department of Design, Politecnico di Milano, Via Giovanni Durando 10, 20158 Milan, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Md Jahir Rizvi
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9(9), 1032; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9091032
Received: 9 July 2021 / Revised: 3 September 2021 / Accepted: 9 September 2021 / Published: 19 September 2021
This work demonstrates the advantages of using laser powder bed fusion for producing a rudder bulb of a moth class sailing racing boat via laser powder bed fusion (LPBF). The component was designed to reduce weight using an AlSi7Mg0.6 alloy and incorporated a biomimetic surface texture for drag reduction. For the topological optimization, the component was loaded structurally due to foil wing’s lift action as well as from the environment due to hydrodynamic resistance. The aim was to minimize core mass while preserving stiffness and the second to benefit from drag reduction capability in terms of passive surface behavior. The external surface texture is inspired by scales of the European sea bass. Both these features were embedded to the component and produced by LPBF in a single run, with the required resolution. Drag reduction was estimated in the order of 1% for free stream velocity of 2.5 m s−1. The production of the final part resulted in limited geometrical error with respect to scales 3D model, with the desired mechanical properties. A reduction in weight of approximately 58% with respect to original full solid model from 452 to 190 g was achieved thanks to core topology optimization. Sandblasting was adopted as finishing technique since it was able to improve surface quality while preserving fish scale geometries. The feasibility of producing the biomimetic surfaces and the weight reduction were validated with the produced full-sized component. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomimetic design; lightweight structure; computer fluid dynamics; design for additive manufacturing biomimetic design; lightweight structure; computer fluid dynamics; design for additive manufacturing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Scarpellini, A.; Finazzi, V.; Schito, P.; Bionda, A.; Ratti, A.; Demir, A.G. Laser Powder Bed Fusion of a Topology Optimized and Surface Textured Rudder Bulb with Lightweight and Drag-Reducing Design. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9, 1032. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9091032

AMA Style

Scarpellini A, Finazzi V, Schito P, Bionda A, Ratti A, Demir AG. Laser Powder Bed Fusion of a Topology Optimized and Surface Textured Rudder Bulb with Lightweight and Drag-Reducing Design. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2021; 9(9):1032. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9091032

Chicago/Turabian Style

Scarpellini, Alessandro, Valentina Finazzi, Paolo Schito, Arianna Bionda, Andrea Ratti, and Ali G. Demir. 2021. "Laser Powder Bed Fusion of a Topology Optimized and Surface Textured Rudder Bulb with Lightweight and Drag-Reducing Design" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 9, no. 9: 1032. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9091032

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