Next Article in Journal
Comprehensive Wind and Wave Statistics and Extreme Values for Design and Analysis of Marine Structures in the Adriatic Sea
Previous Article in Journal
Characteristics of Breaking Wave Forces on Piles over a Permeable Seabed
 
 
Communication

Deep Seabed Mining: A Note on Some Potentials and Risks to the Sustainable Mineral Extraction from the Oceans

1
European School of Sustainability Science and Research, Faculty of Life Sciences, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Ulmenliet 20, 21033 Hamburg, Germany
2
Department of Natural Sciences, Manchester Metropolitan University, Chester Street, Manchester M1 5GD, UK
3
College of Architecture and Planning, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, P.O. Box 1982, Dammam 31441, Saudi Arabia
4
Wyższa Szkoła Bankowa We Wrocławiu, WSB University in Wrocław, Fabryczna 29–31, 53-609 Wrocław, Poland
5
Faculty of Economics, Administrative and Social Sciences, Istinye University, Istanbul 34010, Turkey
6
Faculty of Nautral and Environmental Sciences, University of Applied Sciences Zittau/Görlitz, Theodor-Körner-Allee 16, 02763 Zittau, Germany
7
Instituto de Ciencias Ambientales y Ecología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la República, Iguá 1425, Montevideo 11400, Uruguay
8
Centre for Asian Climate and Environmental Policy Studies, University Avenue West, Windsor, ON N9B 1C1, Canada
9
Department of Geography & Environmental Management, Faculty of Environment, University of Waterloo, University Ave. W., Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
10
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Schlossplatz, 1-A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
11
Institute for Global Innovation and Development, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
12
School of Urban and Regional Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Chun-Feng Li and Xue-Wei Xu
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9(5), 521; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9050521
Received: 14 March 2021 / Revised: 4 May 2021 / Accepted: 4 May 2021 / Published: 12 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Geological Oceanography)
The rapidly increasing global populations and socio-economic development in the Global South have resulted in rising demand for natural resources. There are many plans for harvesting natural resources from the ocean floor, especially rare metals and minerals. However, if proper care is not taken, there is substantial potential for long-lasting and even irreversible physical and environmental impacts on the deep-sea ecosystems, including on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. This paper reviews the literature on some potentials and risks to deep seabed mining (DSM), outlining its legal aspects and environmental impacts. It presents two case studies that describe the environmental risks related to this exploitative process. They include significant disturbance of the seabed, light and noise pollution, the creation of plumes, and negative impacts on the surface, benthic, and meso- and bathypelagic zones. The study suggests some of the issues interested companies should consider in preventing the potential physical and environmental damages DSM may cause. Sustainable mining and the use of minerals are vital in meeting various industrial demands. View Full-Text
Keywords: mining; deep-sea; sustainability; minerals; exploitation; potentials; risks; environment mining; deep-sea; sustainability; minerals; exploitation; potentials; risks; environment
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Leal Filho, W.; Abubakar, I.R.; Nunes, C.; Platje, J.; Ozuyar, P.G.; Will, M.; Nagy, G.J.; Al-Amin, A.Q.; Hunt, J.D.; Li, C. Deep Seabed Mining: A Note on Some Potentials and Risks to the Sustainable Mineral Extraction from the Oceans. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9, 521. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9050521

AMA Style

Leal Filho W, Abubakar IR, Nunes C, Platje J, Ozuyar PG, Will M, Nagy GJ, Al-Amin AQ, Hunt JD, Li C. Deep Seabed Mining: A Note on Some Potentials and Risks to the Sustainable Mineral Extraction from the Oceans. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2021; 9(5):521. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9050521

Chicago/Turabian Style

Leal Filho, Walter, Ismaila Rimi Abubakar, Cintia Nunes, Johannes Platje, Pinar Gökcin Ozuyar, Markus Will, Gustavo J. Nagy, Abul Quasem Al-Amin, Julian David Hunt, and Chunlan Li. 2021. "Deep Seabed Mining: A Note on Some Potentials and Risks to the Sustainable Mineral Extraction from the Oceans" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 9, no. 5: 521. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9050521

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop