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Marine Biofouling: A European Database for the Marine Renewable Energy Sector

1
Department of Marine Environment and Public Policies, WavEC Offshore Renewables, 1350-352 Lisbon, Portugal
2
Department of Chemistry, Biomaterial & Textile, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, 504 62 Borås, Sweden
3
Cawthron Institute, 7010 Nelson, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8(7), 495; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8070495
Received: 3 June 2020 / Revised: 1 July 2020 / Accepted: 3 July 2020 / Published: 5 July 2020
Biofouling is a major problem shared among all maritime sectors employing submerged structures where it leads to substantially increased costs and lowered operational lifespans if poorly addressed. Insight into the ongoing processes at the relevant marine locations is key to effective management of biofouling. Of specific concern for the marine renewable energy (MRE) sector is the fact that information on biofouling composition and magnitude across geographies is dispersed throughout published papers and consulting reports. To enable rapid access to relevant key biofouling events the present work describes a European biofouling database to support the MRE sector and other maritime industries. The database compiles in one document qualitative and quantitative data for challenging biofouling groups, including non-native species associated with MRE and related marine equipment, in different European Ecoregions. It provides information on the occurrence of fouling species and data on key biofouling parameters, such as biofouling thickness and weight. The database aims to aid the MRE sector and offshore industries in understanding which biofouling communities their devices are more susceptible to at a given site, to facilitate informed decisions. In addition, the biofouling mapping is useful for the development of biosecurity risk management plans as well as academic research. View Full-Text
Keywords: biofouling; colonization; macrofouling; mapping; marine renewable energy; maritime; non-native species biofouling; colonization; macrofouling; mapping; marine renewable energy; maritime; non-native species
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vinagre, P.A.; Simas, T.; Cruz, E.; Pinori, E.; Svenson, J. Marine Biofouling: A European Database for the Marine Renewable Energy Sector. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8, 495. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8070495

AMA Style

Vinagre PA, Simas T, Cruz E, Pinori E, Svenson J. Marine Biofouling: A European Database for the Marine Renewable Energy Sector. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2020; 8(7):495. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8070495

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vinagre, Pedro A.; Simas, Teresa; Cruz, Erica; Pinori, Emiliano; Svenson, Johan. 2020. "Marine Biofouling: A European Database for the Marine Renewable Energy Sector" J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 8, no. 7: 495. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8070495

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