It is expected that the problem of the azimuth cutoff wavelength in single-satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR) observations can be solved by means of the cooperative observation of networked SAR satellites. Multiview SAR wave synchronization data are required in the process. However, most of the current orbiting satellites are geosynchronous orbit satellites; the simultaneous observation by multiple SARs in the same sea area cannot be achieved, and multiview synchronization data cannot be obtained. Therefore, this paper studies the simulation of the multiview SAR wave synchronization data. Ocean wave spectra were simulated by using the Pierson Moskowitz (PM) spectrum. The Monte Carlo method was used to simulate two-dimensional (2D) ocean surfaces at different wind speeds. The two-scale electromagnetic scattering model was used to calculate the ocean surface backscattering coefficient, and the time-domain echo algorithm was used to generate echo signals. The echo signals were processed by the Range–Doppler (RD) imaging algorithm to obtain ocean SAR data. Based on the obtained single-SAR wave data, networked satellites consisting of three SARs were simulated, and the SAR wave data were synchronized. The results show that when SARs are used to observe the same sea area from different observation directions, the clarity of the wave fringes in the SAR images are different. For different azimuth angles, the degrees of azimuth cutoff are different. These results reflect the influences of different degrees of azimuth cutoff on SAR images. The simulated wave synchronization data can be used as the basic data source for subsequent azimuth cutoff wavelength compensation.
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