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Open AccessArticle

An Operational Marine Oil Spill Forecasting Tool for the Management of Emergencies in the Italian Seas

1
National Research Council—Institute for the Study of Anthropic impacts and Sustainability in Marine Environment, loc. Sa Mardini snc—Torregrande, 09170 Oristano, Italy
2
National Research Council—Institute of Marine Sciences, Arsenale Castello, 2737/F, 30122 Venezia, Italy
3
National Research Council—Institute for High Performance Computing and Networking, via Pietro Castellino 111, 80131 Napoli, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse7010001
Received: 3 December 2018 / Revised: 13 December 2018 / Accepted: 15 December 2018 / Published: 20 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Oil Spills 2018)
Oil extraction platforms are potential sources of oil spills. For this reason, an oil spill forecasting system was set up to support the management of emergencies from the oil fields in the Italian seas. The system provides ready-to-use products to the relevant response agencies and optimizes the anti-pollution resources by assessing hazards and risks related to this issue. The forecasting system covers seven working oil platforms in the Sicily Channel and middle/low Adriatic Sea. It is composed of a numerical chain involving nested ocean models from regional to coastal spatial scales and an oil spill model. The system provides two online services, one automatic and a second dedicated to possible real emergencies or exercises on risk preparedness and responding. The automatic service produces daily short-term simulations of hypothetical oil spill dispersion, transport, and weathering processes from each extraction platform. Products, i.e., risk maps, animations, and a properly called bulletin, are available on a dedicated web-portal. The hazard estimations are computed by performing geo-statistical analysis on the daily forecasts database. The second service is activated in near-real-time producing oil spill simulations for the following 48 h. View Full-Text
Keywords: oil spill; Italian seas; numerical forecasting tool; emergency management oil spill; Italian seas; numerical forecasting tool; emergency management
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Ribotti, A.; Antognarelli, F.; Cucco, A.; Falcieri, M.F.; Fazioli, L.; Ferrarin, C.; Olita, A.; Oliva, G.; Pes, A.; Quattrocchi, G.; Satta, A.; Simeone, S.; Tedesco, C.; Umgiesser, G.; Sorgente, R. An Operational Marine Oil Spill Forecasting Tool for the Management of Emergencies in the Italian Seas. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7, 1.

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