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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6(4), 150; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse6040150

Cubipod® Armor Design in Depth-Limited Regular Wave-Breaking Conditions

1
Laboratory of Ports and Coasts, Institute of Transport and Territory, Universitat Politècnica de València, 46022 Valencia, Spain
2
PROES Consultores S.A., 28020 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 October 2018 / Revised: 20 November 2018 / Accepted: 4 December 2018 / Published: 6 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from Coastlab18 Conference)
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Abstract

Armor stability formulas for mound breakwaters are commonly based on 2D small-scale physical tests conducted in non-overtopping and non-breaking conditions. However, most of the breakwaters built around the world are located in breaking or partially-breaking wave conditions, where they must withstand design storms having some percentage of large waves breaking before they reach the structure. In these cases, the design formulas for non-breaking wave conditions are not fully valid. This paper describes the specific 2D physical model tests carried out to analyze the trunk hydraulic stability of single- and double-layer Cubipod® armors in depth-limited regular wave breaking and non-overtopping conditions with horizontal foreshore (m = 0) and armor slope (α) with cotα = 1.5. An experimental methodology was established to ensure that 100 waves attacked the armor layer with the most damaging combination of wave height (H) and wave period (T) for the given water depth (hs). Finally, for a given water depth, empirical formulas were obtained to estimate the Cubipod® size which made the armor stable regardless of the deep-water wave storm. View Full-Text
Keywords: mound breakwater; armor stability; Cubipod®; breaking waves; non-overtopping; horizontal foreshore; regular waves mound breakwater; armor stability; Cubipod®; breaking waves; non-overtopping; horizontal foreshore; regular waves
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Gómez-Martín, M.E.; Herrera, M.P.; Gonzalez-Escriva, J.A.; Medina, J.R. Cubipod® Armor Design in Depth-Limited Regular Wave-Breaking Conditions. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6, 150.

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