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Review

An Exploration of Wind Stress Calculation Techniques in Hurricane Storm Surge Modeling

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN 37209, USA
2
Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN 37209, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Richard P. Signell
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2016, 4(3), 58; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse4030058
Received: 18 July 2016 / Revised: 26 August 2016 / Accepted: 30 August 2016 / Published: 13 September 2016
As hurricanes continue to threaten coastal communities, accurate storm surge forecasting remains a global priority. Achieving a reliable storm surge prediction necessitates accurate hurricane intensity and wind field information. The wind field must be converted to wind stress, which represents the air-sea momentum flux component required in storm surge and other oceanic models. This conversion requires a multiplicative drag coefficient for the air density and wind speed to represent the air-sea momentum exchange at a given location. Air density is a known parameter and wind speed is a forecasted variable, whereas the drag coefficient is calculated using an empirical correlation. The correlation’s accuracy has brewed a controversy of its own for more than half a century. This review paper examines the lineage of drag coefficient correlations and their acceptance among scientists. View Full-Text
Keywords: drag coefficient; wind stress; storm surge; estuarine and coastal modeling; hydrodynamic modeling; wave modeling; air-sea interaction; air-sea momentum flux; hurricane intensity; tropical cyclone drag coefficient; wind stress; storm surge; estuarine and coastal modeling; hydrodynamic modeling; wave modeling; air-sea interaction; air-sea momentum flux; hurricane intensity; tropical cyclone
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bryant, K.M.; Akbar, M. An Exploration of Wind Stress Calculation Techniques in Hurricane Storm Surge Modeling. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2016, 4, 58. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse4030058

AMA Style

Bryant KM, Akbar M. An Exploration of Wind Stress Calculation Techniques in Hurricane Storm Surge Modeling. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2016; 4(3):58. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse4030058

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bryant, Kyra M., and Muhammad Akbar. 2016. "An Exploration of Wind Stress Calculation Techniques in Hurricane Storm Surge Modeling" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 4, no. 3: 58. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse4030058

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