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Assessing Maize Farmers’ Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change and Variability in Ghana

1
Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, College of Basic and Applied Science, University of Ghana, P. O. Box LG 68 Legon, Ghana
2
Department of Food, Agriculture and Bioresources; School of Environment, Resource and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
3
Department of Agriculture and Resource Economics, Faculty of Agribusiness and Communication Sciences, University for Development Studies, P. O. Box 1350 Tamale, Ghana
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2019, 9(5), 90; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture9050090
Received: 7 March 2019 / Revised: 17 April 2019 / Accepted: 24 April 2019 / Published: 29 April 2019
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Abstract

This study examined the adaptation strategies of maize farmers to climate change and variability in the Eastern Region of Ghana using primary data collected from 150 maize farming households by the administration of structured questionnaires. The results of the multinomial logit regression revealed that rainfall perception, access to credit, and farming experience significantly influenced the adoption of recommended agricultural practices, whereas the adoption of soil-related strategies is influenced by gender and rainfall perception. Farming experience and rainfall perception influenced the adoption of improved varieties strategies. This study highlights the need for the development of water resources for maize production in the context of the changing climate. In this respect, the crucial roles of the Ghana Irrigation Development Authority, the agricultural extension division of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture, and other international organizations such as the Japan International Cooperation Agency and the World Bank regarding the development of irrigation facilities and the associated capacity building of the farmers are very important. Finally, the formation of Water User Associations for the smallholder farmers regarding the usage and maintenance of the irrigation facilities would be a step in the right direction. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; adaptation strategies; Ghana; smallholder farmers; water resources climate change; adaptation strategies; Ghana; smallholder farmers; water resources
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Sadiq, M.A.; Kuwornu, J.K.M.; Al-Hassan, R.M.; Alhassan, S.I. Assessing Maize Farmers’ Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change and Variability in Ghana. Agriculture 2019, 9, 90.

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