Next Article in Journal
Case Study of an Automatic Enrichment Device for Laying Hens on a Free-Range Laying Hen Farm
Previous Article in Journal
Can Hairy Vetch Cover Crop Affects Arsenic Accumulation in Vegetable Crops?
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Assessing Maize Farmers’ Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change and Variability in Ghana

Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, College of Basic and Applied Science, University of Ghana, P. O. Box LG 68 Legon, Ghana
Department of Food, Agriculture and Bioresources; School of Environment, Resource and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
Department of Agriculture and Resource Economics, Faculty of Agribusiness and Communication Sciences, University for Development Studies, P. O. Box 1350 Tamale, Ghana
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2019, 9(5), 90;
Received: 7 March 2019 / Revised: 17 April 2019 / Accepted: 24 April 2019 / Published: 29 April 2019
PDF [597 KB, uploaded 8 May 2019]


This study examined the adaptation strategies of maize farmers to climate change and variability in the Eastern Region of Ghana using primary data collected from 150 maize farming households by the administration of structured questionnaires. The results of the multinomial logit regression revealed that rainfall perception, access to credit, and farming experience significantly influenced the adoption of recommended agricultural practices, whereas the adoption of soil-related strategies is influenced by gender and rainfall perception. Farming experience and rainfall perception influenced the adoption of improved varieties strategies. This study highlights the need for the development of water resources for maize production in the context of the changing climate. In this respect, the crucial roles of the Ghana Irrigation Development Authority, the agricultural extension division of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture, and other international organizations such as the Japan International Cooperation Agency and the World Bank regarding the development of irrigation facilities and the associated capacity building of the farmers are very important. Finally, the formation of Water User Associations for the smallholder farmers regarding the usage and maintenance of the irrigation facilities would be a step in the right direction. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; adaptation strategies; Ghana; smallholder farmers; water resources climate change; adaptation strategies; Ghana; smallholder farmers; water resources

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Sadiq, M.A.; Kuwornu, J.K.M.; Al-Hassan, R.M.; Alhassan, S.I. Assessing Maize Farmers’ Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change and Variability in Ghana. Agriculture 2019, 9, 90.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Agriculture EISSN 2077-0472 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top