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Agriculture 2018, 8(7), 88; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture8070088

Chitinases—Potential Candidates for Enhanced Plant Resistance towards Fungal Pathogens

1
Department of Microbiology, School of Life Sciences, Central University of Rajasthan, Bandarsindri, Kishangarh, Ajmer, Rajasthan 305801, India
2
Centre for Energy and Environment, Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur, Rajasthan 302017, India
3
Department of Plant Breeding, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 101, 230 53 Alnarp, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 April 2018 / Revised: 12 June 2018 / Accepted: 20 June 2018 / Published: 22 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Breeding in Agriculture)
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Abstract

Crop cultivation is crucial for the existence of human beings, as it fulfills our nutritional requirements. Crops and other plants are always at a high risk of being attacked by phytopathogens, especially pathogenic fungi. Although plants have a well-developed defense system, it can be compromised during pathogen attack. Chitinases can enhance the plant’s defense system as they act on chitin, a major component of the cell wall of pathogenic fungi, and render the fungi inactive without any negative impact on the plants. Along with strengthening plant defense mechanisms, chitinases also improve plant growth and yield. Chitinases in combination with recombinant technology can be a promising tool for improving plant resistance to fungal diseases. The applicability of chitinase-derived oligomeric products of chitin further augment chitinase prospecting to enhance plant defense and growth. View Full-Text
Keywords: chitinases; phytopathogenesis; fungi; plant defense chitinases; phytopathogenesis; fungi; plant defense
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Kumar, M.; Brar, A.; Yadav, M.; Chawade, A.; Vivekanand, V.; Pareek, N. Chitinases—Potential Candidates for Enhanced Plant Resistance towards Fungal Pathogens. Agriculture 2018, 8, 88.

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