Off-Farm Employment and Economic Crisis: Evidence from Cyprus
AbstractOff-farm employment is an important strategy for complementing farm household income and maintaining rural livelihoods. A multilevel logistic regression model was applied to investigate the effect of farm-level and regional-level factors on off-farm employment in Cyprus during the recent economic crisis period. The performance of nonfarm sectors positively affects off-farm employment; a one-percent increase in the share of the secondary and tertiary sector employment increases the likelihood of off-farm work by 9.5 times. The importance of location was also identified. Farm households located in rural areas are 70% less likely to engage in off-farm work than households located in urban areas. The positive effect of educational attainment and the negative effect of farm training confirmed the importance of human capital characteristics on off-farm labour participation. Farm structural factors are also significant determinants of off-farm employment. A one-hectare increase in the farm size decreases the odds of off-farm labour participation by 50%. Operators of crop farming holdings are 4.2 times more likely to work off the farm than operators of livestock and mixed-farming holdings. The results reveal the importance of adopting a multilevel and integrated approach for the analysis of off-farm employment. View Full-Text
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Giannakis, E.; Efstratoglou, S.; Antoniades, A. Off-Farm Employment and Economic Crisis: Evidence from Cyprus. Agriculture 2018, 8, 41.
Giannakis E, Efstratoglou S, Antoniades A. Off-Farm Employment and Economic Crisis: Evidence from Cyprus. Agriculture. 2018; 8(3):41.Chicago/Turabian Style
Giannakis, Elias; Efstratoglou, Sophia; Antoniades, Artemis. 2018. "Off-Farm Employment and Economic Crisis: Evidence from Cyprus." Agriculture 8, no. 3: 41.
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