- freely available
Agriculture 2018, 8(2), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture8020023
2. Materials and Methods
3. Theoretical Framework and Organizing Concepts
3.1. Social Innovation
3.2. LAFS y Gobernance
4. Results and Discussion
4.1. Social Innovation to Face Poverty and Scarcity of the Territory. The Case of Cheese Production by Indigenous Women in San Pedro Capula, Hidalgo
- - Support the rescue of knowledge in the production of traditional foods and direct their efforts to the population in need.
- - Stimulate the development of actors’ production’s capacities with programs that provide them with infrastructure to increases their work efficiency and facilitates linkage with knowledge institutions.
- - Promote cultural transformation of institutions, organizations, and groups, to ease agreements between community initiatives and innovative processes that consider local knowledge.
- - Promote the participation of social actors, by recognizing them and making sure they receive the information of programs relevant and facilitating the access as well.
- - Related to the programs directed to family rural producers, it is important to consider the needs and resources communities already have in order to impulse their own development, autonomy and participation in territorial development.
- - For projects like this to be sustainable, external support is; in this regard, a recommendation derived from the study is the importance of linking to research centers, to strengthen responses to needs in conditions of permanence and development of these productive efforts.
4.2. Morelos State Rice
- - Low profits farmer obtains, which make him switch to grain with greater profits
- - The growth of the urban spot, not only because of the good climate and the recreational activities that characterize the region but also due to the proximity to Mexico City.
- - implement product import tariffs that enable domestic producers to place the grain on the market at a reasonable and competitive price.
- - make federal farm programs attainable to small producers.
- - subsidize research to properly attend the several diseases of rice grain, promoting strategies to face crop changes due to climate change.
Conflicts of Interest
- National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy. Measurement of Poverty in Mexico and in Federative Entities 2016. Available online: http://www.coneval.org.mx (accessed on 14 November 2017).
- National Institute of Statistic and Geography. National Household Income Survey 2016. Available online: http://www.beta.inegi.org.mx/proyectos/enchogares/regulares/enigh/nc/2016/ (accessed on 16 November 2017).
- Méndez, R. Economic Geography. The Spatial Logic of Global Capitalism; Ariel: Barcelona, Spain, 1997; p. 348. [Google Scholar]
- Rosales, R. Collective learning, social networks and institutions. Towards a new economic geography. In The Turns of Human Geography: Challenges and Horizons, 1st ed.; Lindón, A., Hiernaux, D., Eds.; Antrophos Autonomous Metropolitan University: Iztapalapa, Mexico, 2010; pp. 123–142. ISBN 978-847658-993-9. [Google Scholar]
- Garafoli, G. Small business systems: A paradigmatic case of endogenous development. In The Winning Regions: Districts and Networks. The New Paradigms of Economic Geography; Benko, G., Alain, L., Eds.; Generalitat Valencian: Valencia, Spain, 1994; pp. 59–80. [Google Scholar]
- Beccatini, G. The Marshallian district: A socioeconomic notion. In The Winning Regions: Districts and Networks. The New Paradigms of Economic Geography; Benko, G., Alain, L., Eds.; Generalitat Valencian: Valencia, Spain, 1994; pp. 39–57. [Google Scholar]
- Porter, M. Clusters and the New Economics of Competition; Business Review: Boston, MA, USA, 1998; pp. 77–90. [Google Scholar]
- Courlet, C.; Pecquer, B. Districts industriels, systèmes productifs localisés et développement. In Les Nouvelles Logiques du Développement; Abdelmaki, L., Courlet, C., Eds.; L’Harmattan: Paris, France, 1996; pp. 91–102. [Google Scholar]
- Muchnik, J.; Sanz Cañada, J.; Torres, G. Systèmes agroalimentaires localisés: État des recherches et perspectives. Agricultures 2008, 17, 513–519. [Google Scholar]
- Torres, G.; Ramos, H.; Pensado, M. Local agri-food systems. New perspectives for its analysis. In Agri-Food Systems Located in Mexico. Challenges for Rural Development and Food Security; Torres, G., Ramos, H., Pensado, M., Eds.; National Autonomous University of México Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Sciences and Humanities: Mexico City, Mexico, 2011; pp. 9–34. [Google Scholar]
- Torres, G. Localized agri-food systems, innovation and debates from Latin America. Interthesis 2013, 10, 68–94. [Google Scholar]
- Del Valle, M.C. Scope of local development with social innovation. Production of artisanal cheese N’a r’ay’ohyat. In Local Agroalimentary Systems Proximity Project in Rururban Environments and Territorial Governance in Mexico and Spain; Mexico Center for Human and Social Sciences: Guadalajara, Mexico, 2016. [Google Scholar]
- Méndez, R. Innovation and Territorial Development, Some Recent Theoretical Debates; EURE: London, UK, 2002. [Google Scholar]
- Albaigès, J.; Del Águila-Obra, A.R.; Morales, A.C.; García, M.A. Social Innovation Driving Europe’s Development; Socialinnova: Andalucía, Spain, 2010; p. 188. [Google Scholar]
- Leadbeater, C. Social Enterprise and Social Innovation: Strategies for the Next Ten Years. A Social Enterprise Think Piece for the Office of the Third Sector; Cabinet Office of the Third Sector: London, UK, 2007. [Google Scholar]
- Mulgan, G.; Tucker, S.; Ali, R.; Sanders, B. Social Innovation. What It Is, Why It Matters and How It Can Be Accelerated, 1st ed.; Oxford Said Business School the Young Foundation: Oxford, UK, 2007. [Google Scholar]
- Mumford, M.D. Social innovation: Ten cases from Benjamin Franklin. Creat. Res. J. 2002, 14, 253–266. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Gardner, C.A.; Acharya, T.; Yach, D. Technological and social innovation: A unifying new paradigm for the global health. Health Aff. 2007, 26, 1052–1061. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Murray, R.; Caulier-Grice, J.; Mulgan, G. The Open Book of Social Innovation. Social Innovator Series: Ways to Design, Develop and Grow Social Innovation, 1st ed.; The Young Foundation NESTA: London, UK, 2010; p. 224. [Google Scholar]
- Mulgan, G. Published Interview in Social Innovation; News: Medellín, Colombia, 2013. [Google Scholar]
- Rey de Murulanda, N.; Francisco, B.T. From social innovation to public policy. In Success Stories in Latin America and the Caribbean; United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC): Santiago, Chile, 2010; p. 167. [Google Scholar]
- Torres, G. Localized agri-food systems. Innovation and debates from Latin America. In Agrifood Systems Located in Latin America, 1st ed.; Boucher, F., Espinoza, A., Pensado, M., Eds.; México, Miguel Ángel Porrúa Scientific Network of Localized Agri-Food Systems: Guanajuato, Mexico, 2012; pp. 35–58. [Google Scholar]
- Torres, G.; Sanz, J.; Muchnik, J. Introducción General Introduction. In Rural Territories. Poverty, Collective Action and Multifunctionality. Keys and Questions about Localized Agri-Food Systems, 1st ed.; Torres, G., Sanz, J., Muchnik, J., Eds.; National Autonomous University of México Coordination of Humanities: Mexico City, Mexico, 2010; pp. 7–41. [Google Scholar]
- Vélazquez, V.; Rosales, R. Vertical and horizontal coordination in pyrotechnic production system of Tultepec, State of México. Espacialidades 2014, 4, 181–211. [Google Scholar]
- Knorringa, P.; Meyer-Stamer, J. New Dimensions in Local Enterprise Coo-peration and development: From Clusters to Industrial Districts. In New Approaches to Science and Technology Co-Operatrion and Capacity Building; Institute of Social Studies, The Hague and Institute of Development and Peace: Duisburg, Germany, 1998. [Google Scholar]
- Erdil, E.; Dilek, C. Innovation and Relationships in an Organized Industrial District: Ankara Sincan Industrial District. STPS Work. Pap. 2008, 802, 1–10. [Google Scholar]
- Torres, G. The governance of local agri-food systems. In Localized Agri-Food Systems. Territorial Identity, Construction of Social Capital and Institutions, 1st ed.; Torres, G., Larroa, R., Eds.; National Autonomous University of México Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Sciences and Humanities Juan Pablos: Mexico City, Mexico, 2012; pp. 69–90. [Google Scholar]
- Del Valle, M.C.; Tolentino, J. Territorial Governance and Agri-Food Systems Located in the New Rurality, 1st ed.; National Council for Science and Technology Localized Agrifood System Network Yod: Mexico City, Mexico, 2017; ISBN 978-607-97519-0-6. [Google Scholar]
- Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). FAO in México: 60 Years of Cooperation 1945–2009. Available online: http://www.fao.org.mx (accessed on 17 November 2017).
- Food Security Policies in the Countries of the Andean Community 2005. Available online: http://www.bvsde.paho.org/texcom/nutricion/seguridadCA/03cap1.pdf (accessed on 13 March 2016).
- Schwentesius, R.; Gómez, M. The impact of NAFTA on the agri-food sector: 10-year evaluation. Rural Perspect. 2003, 13–14, 51–70. [Google Scholar]
- Tolentino, J. The situation of basic grains in Mexico as a vulnerable point of food security. In Regional Implications of Food Security in the Structure of Development in Mexico, 1st ed.; Felipe, T., Ed.; National Autonomous University of México Institute for Economic Research: Mexico City, Mexico, 2017; ISBN 978-607-02-9051-0. [Google Scholar]
- Agency for Marketing Services and Development of Agricultural Markets. Weekly Wholesale Price Report on Supply Centers 2017. Available online: http://infoaserca.gob.mx/fygnacional/arz_pmca.asp (accessed on 13 November 2017).
- Mexican Institute of Industrial Property. Application for Declaration of Designation of Origin Rice from the State of Morelos. Available online: http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:XmZDnHPsefUJ:dof.gob.mx/nota_to_doc.php%3Fcodnota%3D5234129+&cd=1&hl=es-419&ct=clnk&gl=mx (accessed on 14 November 2017).
- Official Mexican Standard. Non-Industrialized Food Products for Human Use—Cereals—Polished Rice (Oryza sativa L.), Specifications and Test Methods. Available online: http://www.sagarpa.gob.mx/agronegocios/Lists/Instrumentos%20Tcnicos%20Normalizacin%20y%20Marcas%20Colecti/Attachments/71/NMX_ARROZ_PULIDO.pdf (accessed on 14 November 2017).
- Official Mexican Standard. Rice of the State of Morelos NOM-080-SCFI-2016. Available online: http://www.dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5469806&fecha=25/01/2017 (accessed on 14 November 2017).
- Secretariat of Agriculture. Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food, Support Programs 2015. Available online: http://www.sagarpa.gob.mx/ProgramasSAGARPA/Paginas/default.aspx# (accessed on 10 November 2017).
© 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).