Next Article in Journal
Validity of the Mechanical Threshing of Onion Seeds from the Point of View of Seed Quality
Next Article in Special Issue
Current Status and Recent Developments in Biopesticide Use
Previous Article in Journal
Assessing the Impacts of Large-Scale Agro-Industrial Sugarcane Production on Biodiversity: A Case Study of Wonji Shoa Sugar Estate, Ethiopia
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Physical Chemistry of Pesticides in Soil and Water
Article Menu
Issue 12 (December) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Agriculture 2017, 7(12), 101;

Farmers’ Technical Knowledge about Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in Olive Production

Department of Agricultural Management, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, 41476-54919 Rasht, Iran
Department of Agricultural Development, Democritus University of Thrace, GR-682 00 Orestiada, Greece
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 November 2017 / Revised: 27 November 2017 / Accepted: 28 November 2017 / Published: 5 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pesticides in Agriculture System)
Full-Text   |   PDF [223 KB, uploaded 5 December 2017]


While Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a sustainable approach of pest control, contributing to reduced use of pesticides and risks on human health and the environment, farmers have shown limited interest in practicing this method. The present study explored the levels of technical knowledge about integrated management of the olive fly (Bactrocera oleae) among olive growers in Roudbar County of Iran and factors underpinning olive farmers’ technical knowledge of integrated management. Data were collected in a survey of olive farmers, on the basis of a structured questionnaire. Almost half of the farmers (48.4%) had good to excellent levels of technical knowledge of integrated management, while almost a third of the farmers (35.4%) had a moderate knowledge level. However, a noticeable portion of the farmers (15.9%) had poor knowledge of integrated management. Moreover, most farmers showed average knowledge of the adverse effects of pesticides on human health. While most farmers showed good levels of social participation, cooperation with institutes, and participation in extension activities, they showed low levels of community involvement (involvement in a group of people that have and share common interests with each other). Olive imports and the lack of a common action for olive fly control were perceived as the main barriers of IPM adoption among most farmers. Regression analysis revealed that increased community involvement, large area under olive farming, participation in education activities, and high farming experience promoted farmers’ technical knowledge of integrated olive fly control. Strengthening growers’ technical knowledge of IPM through community involvement and extension services among inexperienced small-scale olive farmers is recommended for reducing possible unnecessary insecticide sprays in olive production. View Full-Text
Keywords: extension services; community involvement; olive fly; olive orchards extension services; community involvement; olive fly; olive orchards
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Allahyari, M.S.; Damalas, C.A.; Ebadattalab, M. Farmers’ Technical Knowledge about Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in Olive Production. Agriculture 2017, 7, 101.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Agriculture EISSN 2077-0472 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top