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Open AccessArticle

Development of a Variable Rate Chemical Sprayer for Monitoring Diseases and Pests Infestation in Coconut Plantations

1
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi, Pathumthani 12110, Thailand
2
Department of Food, Agriculture and Bioresources, Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Pathumthani 12120, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2017, 7(10), 89; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture7100089
Received: 7 September 2017 / Revised: 17 October 2017 / Accepted: 18 October 2017 / Published: 22 October 2017
An image processing-based variable rate chemical sprayer for disease and pest-infested coconut plantations was designed and evaluated. The manual application of chemicals is considered risky and hazardous to workers, and provides low precision. The designed sprayer consisted of a sprayer frame, motors, a power system, a chemical tank and pump, a crane, a nozzle with a remote monitoring system, and motion and crane controlling systems. As the target was confirmed, the nozzle was moved towards the target area (tree canopy) using the remote monitoring system. The pump then sprayed chemicals to the target at a specified rate. The results suggested optimal design values for 5–9 m tall coconut trees, including the distance between nozzle and target (1 m), pressure (1.5 bar), spraying rate (2.712 L/min), the highest movement speed (1.5 km/h), fuel consumption (0.58 L/h), and working capacity (0.056 ha/h). The sprayer reduced labor requirements, prevented chemical hazards to workers, and increased coconut pest controlling efficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: variable rate chemical spraying system; digital image processing; GNDVI; coconut plantation variable rate chemical spraying system; digital image processing; GNDVI; coconut plantation
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Samseemoung, G.; Soni, P.; Suwan, P. Development of a Variable Rate Chemical Sprayer for Monitoring Diseases and Pests Infestation in Coconut Plantations. Agriculture 2017, 7, 89.

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