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Article

Mental Health of Medical and Non-Medical Professionals during the Peak of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Nationwide Study

1
Department of Psychiatry, Wroclaw Medical University, Pasteura 10 Str., 50-367 Wroclaw, Poland
2
Department of Genetics, Wroclaw Medical University, Marcinkowskiego 1 Str., 50-368 Wroclaw, Poland
3
Practice of Family Doctors M.V. Domanscy, E. Gepperta 13 Str., 50-072 Wroclaw, Poland
4
Department of Emergency Medical Service, Wroclaw Medical University, Parkowa 34 Str., 51-616 Wroclaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(8), 2527; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9082527
Received: 11 July 2020 / Revised: 30 July 2020 / Accepted: 3 August 2020 / Published: 5 August 2020
Background: The study aimed to compare psychopathological expressions during the COVID-19 (novel coronavirus disease 2019) pandemic, as declared on March 11th 2020 by the World Health Organization, with respect to which institutional variables might distinguish the impact of COVID-19 in medical and non-medical professionals. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed nationwide between 16th March and the 26th April 2020 in Poland. A total of 2039 respondents representing all healthcare providers (59.8%) as well as other professionals filled in the sociodemographic section, the General Health Questionnaire-28 and the author’s questionnaire with questions related to exposure to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, the availability of protective measures, quarantine, change of working hours and place of employment during the pandemic, as well as feelings associated with the state of the pandemic. Results: Medical professionals more often presented with relevant psychopathological symptoms (GHQ-28 (General Health Questionnaire-28) total score >24) than the non-medical group (60.8% vs. 48.0%, respectively) such as anxiety, insomnia and somatic symptoms even after adjustment for potential confounding factors. Male sex, older age and appropriate protective equipment were associated with significantly lower GHQ-28 total scores in medical professionals, whereas among non-medical professionals, male sex was associated with significantly lower GHQ-28 total scores. Conclusions: Somatic and anxiety symptoms as well as insomnia are more prevalent among medical staff than workers in other professions. Targeting the determinants of these differences should be included in interventions aimed at restoring psychological well-being in this specific population. Apparently, there are present gender differences in psychological responses that are independent of profession. View Full-Text
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; psychiatry; infectious disease; healthcare personnel; psychopathological symptoms SARS-CoV-2; psychiatry; infectious disease; healthcare personnel; psychopathological symptoms
MDPI and ACS Style

Maciaszek, J.; Ciulkowicz, M.; Misiak, B.; Szczesniak, D.; Luc, D.; Wieczorek, T.; Fila-Witecka, K.; Gawlowski, P.; Rymaszewska, J. Mental Health of Medical and Non-Medical Professionals during the Peak of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Nationwide Study. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 2527. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9082527

AMA Style

Maciaszek J, Ciulkowicz M, Misiak B, Szczesniak D, Luc D, Wieczorek T, Fila-Witecka K, Gawlowski P, Rymaszewska J. Mental Health of Medical and Non-Medical Professionals during the Peak of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Nationwide Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020; 9(8):2527. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9082527

Chicago/Turabian Style

Maciaszek, Julian, Marta Ciulkowicz, Blazej Misiak, Dorota Szczesniak, Dorota Luc, Tomasz Wieczorek, Karolina Fila-Witecka, Pawel Gawlowski, and Joanna Rymaszewska. 2020. "Mental Health of Medical and Non-Medical Professionals during the Peak of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Nationwide Study" Journal of Clinical Medicine 9, no. 8: 2527. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9082527

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