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Open AccessArticle

Questionnaire on Perception of Threat from COVID-19

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Universidad Politécnica y Artística del Paraguay, Asunción 1628, Paraguay
Health Sciences Collegue, Alfonso X El Sabio University, 28691 Madrid, Spain
Department of Psychology, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Providencia 7500000, Chile
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(4), 1196;
Received: 29 March 2020 / Revised: 20 April 2020 / Accepted: 21 April 2020 / Published: 22 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Epidemiology & Public Health)
The ravages caused by the disease known as COVID-19 has led to a worldwide healthcare and social emergency requiring an effective combined effort from everyone to reduce contagion. Under these circumstances, the perception of the disease is going to have a relevant role in the individual’s psychological adjustment. However, at the present time there is no validated instrument for evaluating adult perception of threat from COVID-19. Considering the importance of perception or representation of the disease in a state of social alert, our study intended to validate an instrument measuring the psychological process of the disease caused by the coronavirus (COVID-19). In view of the above, this study evaluated the factor structure and reliability of the version of the Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ) for COVID-19 in a sample of adults. The sample consisted of 1014 Spanish adults (67.2% women and 32.8% men). The exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported a unidimensional model of the scale, which was the one that showed the best fit and explained 43.87% of the variance. This brief version has adequate psychometric properties and may be used to evaluate the perception of threat from COVID-19 in an adult Spanish population. The validation of this instrument contributes to progress in representation of COVID-19 in our culture. View Full-Text
Keywords: adults; COVID-19; perceived threat of disease; psychometric properties adults; COVID-19; perceived threat of disease; psychometric properties
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Pérez-Fuentes, M.C.; Molero Jurado, M.M.; Oropesa Ruiz, N.F.; Martos Martínez, Á.; Simón Márquez, M.M.; Herrera-Peco, I.; Gázquez Linares, J.J. Questionnaire on Perception of Threat from COVID-19. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 1196.

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