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Open AccessReview

Medical Nutrition Therapy in Critically Ill Patients Treated on Intensive and Intermediate Care Units: A Literature Review

1
Intensive Care Unit and Intermediate Care Unit, Intensive Care Medicine and Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital Basel, 4031 Basel, Switzerland
2
Division of Intensive Care, Department of Acute Medicine, Geneva University Hospitals, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland
3
Intensive Care Unit and Intermediate Care Unit, Intensive Care Medicine and Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital Basel, 4031 Basel, Switzerland
4
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, University Hospital Basel, 4031 Basel & Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital Basel, 4031 Basel, Switzerland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equally contributed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(9), 1395; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8091395
Received: 4 August 2019 / Revised: 1 September 2019 / Accepted: 3 September 2019 / Published: 6 September 2019
Medical nutrition therapy in critically ill patients remains challenging, not only because of the pronounced stress response with a higher risk for complications, but also due to their heterogeneity evolving from different phases of illness. The present review aims to address current knowledge and guidelines in order to summarize how they can be best implemented into daily clinical practice. Further studies are urgently needed to answer such important questions as best timing, route, dose, and composition of medical nutrition therapy for critically ill patients and to determine how to assess and to adapt to patients’ individual needs. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutritional support; medical nutrition therapy; intensive care unit; intermediate care unit; critically ill patients nutritional support; medical nutrition therapy; intensive care unit; intermediate care unit; critically ill patients
MDPI and ACS Style

Kopp Lugli, A.; de Watteville, A.; Hollinger, A.; Goetz, N.; Heidegger, C. Medical Nutrition Therapy in Critically Ill Patients Treated on Intensive and Intermediate Care Units: A Literature Review. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 1395.

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