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Article

Quality of Life of Women after Giving Birth: Associated Factors Related with the Birth Process

1
Department of Nursing, University of Jaen, 23071 Jaen, Spain
2
Consortium for Biomedical Research in Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Nursing of University of Castilla la Mancha, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
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Mancha-Centro Hospital, Alcázar de San Juan, 13600 Ciudad Real, Spain
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Department of Health Sciences, University of Jaen, 23071 Jaen, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(3), 324; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8030324
Received: 24 January 2019 / Revised: 22 February 2019 / Accepted: 5 March 2019 / Published: 7 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Obstetrics & Gynecology)
The World Health Organization (WHO) considers quality of life a fundamental indicator. The effect of birth on women’s long-term quality of life (QoL) has barely been studied. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors related with the pregnancy, delivery and puerperium, and assess women’s QoL after giving birth. A cross-sectional study with Spanish puerperal women was carried out; it collected data on socio-demographic variables, obstetric variables, newborn data, and several quality of life parameters. An ad hoc online questionnaire, including SF-36 (validated instrument to measure QoL), was used. Crude mean differences (MD) and adjusted mean differences (aMD) were estimated by multiple linear regression. A total of 2990 women participated whose overall QoL lowered with time until three years postpartum (p = 0.045). Caesarean section (aMD = −3.61, 95% confidence interval (CI): −5.07, −2.15), mother admitted to ICU (aMD = −4.81, 95% CI: −9.56, −2.68), newborn hospitalized (aMD = −2.10, 95% CI: −4.31, −0.13) or third/fourth degree perineal tears (aMD = −6.87 95%CI: −9.93, −3.82) were detected as risk factors that affect negatively and significantly on postpartum QoL scores. Women’s postpartum QoL worsens with time. Some determining factors negatively influence postpartum QoL: Caesarean section, a mother´s admission to an intensive care unit (ICU) or a premature newborn. View Full-Text
Keywords: associated factors; birth; postpartum period; pregnancy; quality of life associated factors; birth; postpartum period; pregnancy; quality of life
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martínez-Galiano, J.M.; Hernández-Martínez, A.; Rodríguez-Almagro, J.; Delgado-Rodríguez, M. Quality of Life of Women after Giving Birth: Associated Factors Related with the Birth Process. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 324. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8030324

AMA Style

Martínez-Galiano JM, Hernández-Martínez A, Rodríguez-Almagro J, Delgado-Rodríguez M. Quality of Life of Women after Giving Birth: Associated Factors Related with the Birth Process. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2019; 8(3):324. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8030324

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martínez-Galiano, Juan M., Antonio Hernández-Martínez, Julián Rodríguez-Almagro, and Miguel Delgado-Rodríguez. 2019. "Quality of Life of Women after Giving Birth: Associated Factors Related with the Birth Process" Journal of Clinical Medicine 8, no. 3: 324. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8030324

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