Comorbidities are common in respiratory disease patients and have been well-known to impact their quality of life. The objective of this study is to estimate the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) of the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among respiratory disease patients with different comorbidities in a Vietnamese tertiary hospital. We performed a cross-sectional study from October to November 2016 at the Respiratory Center of Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi, with a total of 508 participants. Information about socio-economic characteristics, HRQOL and comorbidities of participants was collected. ANOVA was used to identify MCID between patients with and without specific comorbid conditions. Tobit regression was used to explore the associations between comorbidities and the HRQOL. Results showed that the prevalence of cardiovascular comorbidities was 23.8%, followed by musculoskeletal diseases (12.0%), digestive diseases (11.8%), endocrine diseases (10.0%), kidney diseases (5.1%) and ear, nose, and throat diseases (4.5%). Regarding HRQOL, having a problem in pain/discomfort was observed in 61.0% of participants, followed by anxiety/depression (48.2%). Mean EQ-5D index was 0.66 (SD (Standard Deviation) = 0.31). The significant MCID (p
< 0.05) was found between patients with and without cardiovascular diseases, musculoskeletal diseases, kidney diseases, and endocrine diseases. The multivariate regression model showed that only musculoskeletal diseases were found to be related with the marked decrement of EQ-5D index score (Coef. = −0.13; 95% CI (Confident Interval) = −0.23; −0.02). Suffering at least one chronic illness was correlated to the marked decrease of EQ-5D index score (Coef. = −0.09; 95% CI = −0.17; −0.01). These results underline the importance of appropriate pain management as well as the provision of an interprofessional care approach to patients in order to alleviate the burden of comorbidities to their treatment outcomes and HRQOL.
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