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Article

A Multicentre Study of Burnout Prevalence and Related Psychological Variables in Medical Area Hospital Nurses

1
Brain, Mind and Behaviour Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Campus Universitario de Cartuja S.N., 18011 Granada, Spain
2
Faculty of Psychology, University of Almería, Carretera Sacramento S.N., 04120 Almería, Spain
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Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, Avenida de la Ilustración N. 60, 18016 Granada, Spain
4
Faculty of Educational Sciences, University of Granada, Campus Universitario de Cartuja S.N., 18011 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(1), 92; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8010092
Received: 29 December 2018 / Revised: 11 January 2019 / Accepted: 14 January 2019 / Published: 15 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Diseases: From Cure to Prevention)
Background: Nursing burnout is an important problem that affects nurses’ wellness, the quality of care and the health institutions. Study aims were to estimate levels of burnout; to determine the phase of burnout experienced by nurses in the medical area; to analyse the relationship between burnout and personality and psychological factors. Methods: Quantitative, cross-sectional, multicentre study. Hospitals from eight cities were included. The study sample was n = 301 nurses, working in the medical area of hospitals in the Andalusian Health Service during the second semester of 2017. Sociodemographic, occupational and personality variables were studied using the Revised NEO Personality Inventory together with the Educational-Clinical Questionnaire: Anxiety and Depression, and burnout was measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Results: Almost 40% of the nurses presented high levels of burnout. The three burnouts (emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and personal accomplishment) presented statistically significant correlations with the personality factors of neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness, and also with the scores recorded for anxiety and depression. Multiple linear regression models showed agreeableness and depression to be statistically significant predictors of all dimensions of the syndrome. Conclusion: Hospital nurses working in the medical area in Andalusia experience high levels of burnout. View Full-Text
Keywords: burnout; medical area; medical nursing; nursing; personality factors; risk factors burnout; medical area; medical nursing; nursing; personality factors; risk factors
MDPI and ACS Style

Ramirez-Baena, L.; Ortega-Campos, E.; Gomez-Urquiza, J.L.; Cañadas-De la Fuente, G.R.; De la Fuente-Solana, E.I.; Cañadas-De la Fuente, G.A. A Multicentre Study of Burnout Prevalence and Related Psychological Variables in Medical Area Hospital Nurses. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 92. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8010092

AMA Style

Ramirez-Baena L, Ortega-Campos E, Gomez-Urquiza JL, Cañadas-De la Fuente GR, De la Fuente-Solana EI, Cañadas-De la Fuente GA. A Multicentre Study of Burnout Prevalence and Related Psychological Variables in Medical Area Hospital Nurses. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2019; 8(1):92. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8010092

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ramirez-Baena, Lucia, Elena Ortega-Campos, Jose Luis Gomez-Urquiza, Gustavo R. Cañadas-De la Fuente, Emilia I. De la Fuente-Solana, and Guillermo A. Cañadas-De la Fuente. 2019. "A Multicentre Study of Burnout Prevalence and Related Psychological Variables in Medical Area Hospital Nurses" Journal of Clinical Medicine 8, no. 1: 92. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8010092

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