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The Role of Resilience in Internet Addiction among Adolescents between Sexes: A Moderated Mediation Model

1
Department of Psychiatry, SMG-SNU Boramae Medical Center, Seoul 07061, Korea
2
Department of Psychiatry, Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea
3
Department of Psychiatry, Eulji General Hospital, Seoul 01830, Korea
4
I Will Center, Seoul Metropolitan Boramae Youth Center, Seoul 07062, Korea
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Department of Psychiatry, Uijeongbu St. Mary’s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul 06591, Korea
6
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 03080, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7(8), 222; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm7080222
Received: 18 July 2018 / Revised: 13 August 2018 / Accepted: 17 August 2018 / Published: 19 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Pathergasiology & Psychology)
The behavioral inhibition/activation systems (BIS/BAS) have been considered to be predictors of Internet addiction, mediated by clinical variables such as anxiety and depression. However, resilience has been suggested as a protective factor toward Internet addiction, and certain sex differences in resilience buffering the effects of vulnerability have been reported. Thus, the aim of this study was to identify any role of resilience that might moderate the effects of BIS/BAS on Internet addiction through multiple clinical variables in boys and girls. A total of 519 middle-school students (268 boys and 251 girls, all 14 years old) were administered a questionnaire battery that measures Internet addiction, BIS/BAS, depression, anxiety, impulsivity, anger, and resilience. We used the PROCESS macro in SPSS to perform moderation and mediation analysis. Findings revealed that although a somewhat similar mediation model was supported in both sexes, moderating effects of resilience only emerged in girls. The results showed a protective role of resilience differing between sexes. These results suggest that clinicians should consider sex in the way resilience works as a protective factor against Internet addiction and focus on mitigating the effects of vulnerability by enhancing resilience in female Internet addicts. View Full-Text
Keywords: internet addiction; resilience; behavioral inhibition/activation system; sex differences; moderated mediation internet addiction; resilience; behavioral inhibition/activation system; sex differences; moderated mediation
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Nam, C.R.; Lee, D.H.; Lee, J.Y.; Choi, A.R.; Chung, S.J.; Kim, D.-J.; Bhang, S.-Y.; Kwon, J.-G.; Kweon, Y.-S.; Choi, J.-S. The Role of Resilience in Internet Addiction among Adolescents between Sexes: A Moderated Mediation Model. J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 222.

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