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J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7(8), 200; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm7080200

Bullying at Workplace and Brain-Imaging Correlates

1
Department of Mental Health Naples 1, Work Psychopathology Medical Centre, Naples 89122, Italy
2
Neuroradiology Service, Department of Medical, Surgical, Neurological, Metabolic & Aging Sciences, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Naples 80131, Italy
3
Neurological and Stroke Unit, Centro Traumatologico Ortopedico Hospital, AORN “Ospedali dei Colli”, Naples 80131, Italy
4
Department of Precision Medicine, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Naples 80131, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 June 2018 / Revised: 3 August 2018 / Accepted: 3 August 2018 / Published: 4 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Diseases: From Cure to Prevention)
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Abstract

The relationship between psychosocial stress at work and mental health outcome is well-known. Brain-imaging studies hypothesize morphological brain modifications connected to work-related stress. To our knowledge this is the first study describing the link between work characteristics and brain imaging in a sample of work-related psychiatric patients assessed according to standardized clinical and diagnostic criteria. The aims of the study are: (1) to evaluate hippocampal and whole brain volumes in work-related psychiatric disturbances; (2) to verify the relationship between brain changes and the anxious and/or depressive symptoms; (3) to observe the relationship between the brain changes and the degree of the bullying at workplace. The hippocampus and whole brain volumes of 23 patients with work-related adjustment-disorders were compared with 15 controls by means of MRI. MR images highlight a smaller hippocampal volume in patients compared with controls. Significant reduction in the patients’ gray matter was found in three brain areas: right inferior temporal gyrus, left cuneus, left inferior occipital gyrus. The reduction of the hippocampi volumes was related to work distress and, above all, to bullying at workplace. The results confirm that the morphological brain abnormalities could be involved in work-related psychiatric disturbances. View Full-Text
Keywords: adjustment disorders; bullying at workplace; neuroimaging; hippocampus adjustment disorders; bullying at workplace; neuroimaging; hippocampus
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Nolfe, G.; Cirillo, M.; Iavarone, A.; Negro, A.; Garofalo, E.; Cotena, A.; Lazazzara, M.; Zontini, G.; Cirillo, S. Bullying at Workplace and Brain-Imaging Correlates. J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 200.

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