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Article

Retinal Manifestations in Patients with COVID-19: A Prospective Cohort Study

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Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital Geneva, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland
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Department of Surgery, University Hospital Geneva, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland
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Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Geneva, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland
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Department of Intensive Care, University Hospital Geneva, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland
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Clinical Eye Research Centre A. Rothschild, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland
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Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Geneva University, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fumi Gomi
J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11(7), 1828; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11071828
Received: 14 February 2022 / Revised: 21 March 2022 / Accepted: 24 March 2022 / Published: 25 March 2022
The recent outbreak of the Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has been declared a worldwide pandemic. Within various multi-organ involvement, several ocular manifestations have been described, such as conjunctivitis and retinopathy. The prevalence and severity of retinal lesions and their relation to the severity of the systemic disease are unknown. We performed a prospective, observational study on 172 consecutively hospitalized patients with acute confirmed COVID-19 infection. All patients underwent screening widefield fundus photography at the time of hospital admission. Despite no ocular or vision-related symptoms, we found cotton wool spots (CWS) and/or hemorrhages in 19/172 patients (11%). Diabetes history, overweight, and elevated C-reactive protein were more frequently observed among patients with retinal abnormalities, while a history of systemic hypertension was more frequently observed among patients without retinal findings. At a 3-month follow-up visit, CWS had subsided in all patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: retina; SARS-CoV-2; COVID; cotton wool spot; OCT; retinopathy; retinal hemorrhages retina; SARS-CoV-2; COVID; cotton wool spot; OCT; retinopathy; retinal hemorrhages
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MDPI and ACS Style

Riotto, E.; Mégevand, V.; Mégevand, A.; Marti, C.; Pugin, J.; Stangos, A.N.; Marconi Archinto, L.; Sunaric Mégevand, G. Retinal Manifestations in Patients with COVID-19: A Prospective Cohort Study. J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11, 1828. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11071828

AMA Style

Riotto E, Mégevand V, Mégevand A, Marti C, Pugin J, Stangos AN, Marconi Archinto L, Sunaric Mégevand G. Retinal Manifestations in Patients with COVID-19: A Prospective Cohort Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2022; 11(7):1828. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11071828

Chicago/Turabian Style

Riotto, Eleonora, Vladimir Mégevand, Alexis Mégevand, Christophe Marti, Jerome Pugin, Alexandros N. Stangos, Leonardo Marconi Archinto, and Gordana Sunaric Mégevand. 2022. "Retinal Manifestations in Patients with COVID-19: A Prospective Cohort Study" Journal of Clinical Medicine 11, no. 7: 1828. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11071828

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