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Article

Text-Based vs. Graphical Information Formats in Sepsis Prevention and Early Detection: A Randomized Controlled Trial on Informed Choice

1
Center for Adaptive Rationality, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Lentzeallee 94, 14195 Berlin, Germany
2
Heisenberg Chair for Medical Risk Literacy & Evidence-Based Decisions, Center for Anesthesiology & Intensive Care, Charité–Universitätsmedizin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany
3
Center for Infectious Diseases and Infection Control, Jena University Hospital, Erlanger Allee 103, 07747 Jena, Germany
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Center for Sepsis Control and Care, Jena University Hospital, Am Klinikum 1, 07747 Jena, Germany
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Center for Anesthesiology & Intensive Care, Charité University Medical Center Berlin, Charité–Universitätsmedizin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Tamas Szakmany and Rongqian Wu
J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11(13), 3659; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11133659
Received: 23 May 2022 / Revised: 13 June 2022 / Accepted: 22 June 2022 / Published: 24 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Epidemiology & Public Health)
Sepsis is associated with 11 million global deaths annually. Although serious consequences of sepsis can generally be avoided with prevention and early detection, research has not yet addressed the efficacy of evidence-based health information formats for different risk groups. This study examines whether two evidence-based health information formats—text based and graphical—differ in how well they foster informed choice and risk and health literacy and in how well they support different sepsis risk groups. Based on a systematic literature review, two one-page educative formats on sepsis prevention and early detection were designed—one text based and one graphical. A sample of 500 German participants was randomly shown one of the two formats; they were then assessed on whether they made informed choices and on their risk and health literacy. For both formats, >70% of participants made informed choices for sepsis prevention and >75% for early detection. Compared with the graphical format, the text-based format was associated with higher degrees of informed choice (p = 0.012, OR = 1.818) and risk and health literacy (p = 0.032, OR = 1.710). Both formats can foster informed choices and risk and health literacy on sepsis prevention and early detection, but the text-based format appears to be more effective. View Full-Text
Keywords: sepsis; informed choice; risk and health literacy; prevention; early detection; knowledge sepsis; informed choice; risk and health literacy; prevention; early detection; knowledge
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MDPI and ACS Style

Debbeler, L.J.; Pohrt, A.; Fleischmann-Struzek, C.; Schwarzkopf, D.; Born, S.; Reinhart, K.; Wegwarth, O. Text-Based vs. Graphical Information Formats in Sepsis Prevention and Early Detection: A Randomized Controlled Trial on Informed Choice. J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11, 3659. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11133659

AMA Style

Debbeler LJ, Pohrt A, Fleischmann-Struzek C, Schwarzkopf D, Born S, Reinhart K, Wegwarth O. Text-Based vs. Graphical Information Formats in Sepsis Prevention and Early Detection: A Randomized Controlled Trial on Informed Choice. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2022; 11(13):3659. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11133659

Chicago/Turabian Style

Debbeler, Luka Johanna, Anne Pohrt, Carolin Fleischmann-Struzek, Daniel Schwarzkopf, Sebastian Born, Konrad Reinhart, and Odette Wegwarth. 2022. "Text-Based vs. Graphical Information Formats in Sepsis Prevention and Early Detection: A Randomized Controlled Trial on Informed Choice" Journal of Clinical Medicine 11, no. 13: 3659. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11133659

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