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Brief Report

Impulsive Personality Traits Predicted Weight Loss in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes after 3 Years of Lifestyle Interventions

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Psychoneurobiology of Eating and Addictive Behaviors Group, Institut d’Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL), 08907 Barcelona, Spain
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Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Bellvitge, 08907 Barcelona, Spain
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CIBER Physiology of Obesity and Nutrition (CIBEROBN), Carlos III Health Institute, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Departament de Bioquímica i Biotecnologia, Unitat de Nutrició Humana, 43201 Reus, Spain
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Institut d’Investigació Sanitària Pere Virgili (IISPV), Unitat de Nutrició Humana, 43201 Reus, Spain
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Neurosciences Program, Institut Hospital del Mar d’Investigacions Mèdiques (IMIM), 08003 Barcelona, Spain
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Medicine and Life Sciences Department, Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), 08002 Barcelona, Spain
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Lipids and Vascular Risk Unit, Internal Medicine, University Hospital of Bellvitge-IDIBELL, Hospitalet de Llobregat, 08907 Barcelona, Spain
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Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Barcelona, Hospitalet de Llobregat, 08907 Barcelona, Spain
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Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
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Department of Psychobiology and Methodology, Autonomous University of Barcelona, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
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Unit of Cardiovascular Risk and Nutrition, Hospital del Mar Institute for Medical Research (IMIM), 08003 Barcelona, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Katrien Benhalima
J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11(12), 3476; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11123476
Received: 29 April 2022 / Revised: 10 June 2022 / Accepted: 14 June 2022 / Published: 16 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Endocrinology & Metabolism)
Impulsivity has been associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and may negatively impact its management. This study aimed to investigate impulsive personality traits in an older adult population with T2D and their predicting role in long-term weight control and glycemic management, through glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), following 3 years of intervention with a Mediterranean diet. The Impulsive Behavior Scale (UPPS-P) was administered as a measure of impulsive traits at baseline. Results showed higher total baseline scores of UPPS-P, and higher positive urgency in individuals with T2D, compared with those without T2D. The regression analysis in patients with T2D showed that sensation seeking and lack of perseverance predicted weight loss at follow-up. By contrast, impulsive traits did not predict follow-up levels of HbA1c. In conclusion, the present findings suggest that higher impulsive traits in individuals with T2D seem to affect long-term weight control, but not glycemic control. View Full-Text
Keywords: impulsivity; type 2 diabetes; weight loss; glycated hemoglobin impulsivity; type 2 diabetes; weight loss; glycated hemoglobin
MDPI and ACS Style

Testa, G.; Camacho-Barcia, L.; Gómez-Martínez, C.; Mora-Maltas, B.; de la Torre, R.; Pintó, X.; Corella, D.; Granero, R.; Cuenca-Royo, A.; Jiménez-Murcia, S.; Babio, N.; Fernández-Carrión, R.; Esteve-Luque, V.; Forcano, L.; Ni, J.; Malcampo, M.; De las Heras-Delgado, S.; Fitó, M.; Salas-Salvadó, J.; Fernández-Aranda, F. Impulsive Personality Traits Predicted Weight Loss in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes after 3 Years of Lifestyle Interventions. J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11, 3476. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11123476

AMA Style

Testa G, Camacho-Barcia L, Gómez-Martínez C, Mora-Maltas B, de la Torre R, Pintó X, Corella D, Granero R, Cuenca-Royo A, Jiménez-Murcia S, Babio N, Fernández-Carrión R, Esteve-Luque V, Forcano L, Ni J, Malcampo M, De las Heras-Delgado S, Fitó M, Salas-Salvadó J, Fernández-Aranda F. Impulsive Personality Traits Predicted Weight Loss in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes after 3 Years of Lifestyle Interventions. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2022; 11(12):3476. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11123476

Chicago/Turabian Style

Testa, Giulia, Lucía Camacho-Barcia, Carlos Gómez-Martínez, Bernat Mora-Maltas, Rafael de la Torre, Xavier Pintó, Dolores Corella, Roser Granero, Aida Cuenca-Royo, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Nancy Babio, Rebeca Fernández-Carrión, Virginia Esteve-Luque, Laura Forcano, Jiaqi Ni, Mireia Malcampo, Sara De las Heras-Delgado, Montse Fitó, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, and Fernando Fernández-Aranda. 2022. "Impulsive Personality Traits Predicted Weight Loss in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes after 3 Years of Lifestyle Interventions" Journal of Clinical Medicine 11, no. 12: 3476. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11123476

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