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Article

PTSD Symptoms and Coping with COVID-19 Pandemic among Treatment-Seeking Veterans: Prospective Cohort Study

1
Department of Psychiatry and Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rijeka, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
2
Department of Psychiatry, Clinical Hospital Center Rijeka, Referral Center of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Croatia, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
3
Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Health Studies, University of Rijeka, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alfonso Troisi and Ursula Werneke
J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11(10), 2715; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11102715
Received: 20 February 2022 / Revised: 8 May 2022 / Accepted: 9 May 2022 / Published: 11 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health Challenges during the COVID-19 Pandemic)
Background: The aim of this study was to examine post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom levels and coping strategies during the COVID-19 pandemic among treatment-seeking veterans with pre-existing PTSD. Method: A cohort of 176 male treatment-seeking veterans with pre-existing PTSD during the first COVID-19 pandemic lockdown (T1) and 132 participants from the same cohort one year after the onset of the pandemic (T2) participated in a longitudinal study. All participants responded to a COVID-19-related questionnaire and the following measures: the Life Events Checklist for DSM-5 (LEC-5), PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5) and the Brief COPE. Results: The intensity of overall PTSD symptoms, avoidance symptoms and negative alterations in cognitions and mood was lower at T2. PTSD symptoms were not significantly correlated with SARS-CoV-2 potentially traumatic events (PTE) at T2. Veterans scored higher on emotion-focused and problem-focused coping than on dysfunctional coping. Conclusions: Veterans with pre-existing PTSD who were receiving long-term treatment coped with COVID-19 stressors without the effects of retraumatization and a consequent worsening of PTSD symptoms. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; PTSD; war-related stress; pandemic-related stress; treatment-seeking COVID-19; PTSD; war-related stress; pandemic-related stress; treatment-seeking
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MDPI and ACS Style

Letica-Crepulja, M.; Stevanović, A.; Palaić, D.; Vidović, I.; Frančišković, T. PTSD Symptoms and Coping with COVID-19 Pandemic among Treatment-Seeking Veterans: Prospective Cohort Study. J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11, 2715. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11102715

AMA Style

Letica-Crepulja M, Stevanović A, Palaić D, Vidović I, Frančišković T. PTSD Symptoms and Coping with COVID-19 Pandemic among Treatment-Seeking Veterans: Prospective Cohort Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2022; 11(10):2715. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11102715

Chicago/Turabian Style

Letica-Crepulja, Marina, Aleksandra Stevanović, Diana Palaić, Iva Vidović, and Tanja Frančišković. 2022. "PTSD Symptoms and Coping with COVID-19 Pandemic among Treatment-Seeking Veterans: Prospective Cohort Study" Journal of Clinical Medicine 11, no. 10: 2715. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11102715

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