Next Article in Journal
Sex, Type of Surgery, and Surgical Site Infections Are Associated with Perioperative Cortisol in Colorectal Cancer Patients
Previous Article in Journal
Human Uterus Transplantation from Living and Deceased Donors: The Interim Results of the First 10 Cases of the Czech Trial
Previous Article in Special Issue
Cardiorespiratory Functioning in Youth with Persistent Post-Concussion Symptoms: A Pilot Study
Open AccessArticle

Six-Minute Walking Test Performance Relates to Neurocognitive Abilities in Preschoolers

1
Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
2
Department of Psychology, Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, IL 61920, USA
3
Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
4
Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
5
Implementation Science Center for Cancer Control and Prevention Research Center, Brown School, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA
6
Department of Surgery (Division of Public Health Sciences), Washington University School of Medicine, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA
7
Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michele Roccella
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(4), 584; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10040584
Received: 30 December 2020 / Revised: 25 January 2021 / Accepted: 30 January 2021 / Published: 4 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Children Behavior and Psychophysiology)
This study investigated the relationship between six-minute walking test (6MWT) distance walked and preschool-aged children’s academic abilities, and behavioral and event-related potentials (ERP) indices of cognitive control. There were 59 children (25 females; age: 5.0 ± 0.6 years) who completed a 6MWT (mean distance: 449.6 ± 82.0 m) to estimate cardiorespiratory fitness. The Woodcock Johnson Early Cognitive and Academic Development Test evaluated academic abilities. A modified Eriksen flanker, hearts and flowers task, and auditory oddball task eliciting ERPs (N2, P3) assessed cognitive control. After adjusting for adiposity, diet, and demographics, linear regressions resulted in positive relationships between 6MWT distance and General Intellectual Ability (β = 0.25, Adj R2 = 0.04, p = 0.04) and Expressive Language (β = 0.30, Adj R2 = 0.13, p = 0.02). 6MWT distance was positively correlated with congruent accuracy (β = 0.29, Adj R2 = 0.18, p < 0.01) and negatively with incongruent reaction time (β = −0.26, Adj R2 = 0.05, p = 0.04) during the flanker task, and positively with homogeneous (β = 0.23, Adj R2 = 0.21, p = 0.04) and heterogeneous (β = 0.26, Adj R2 = 0.40, p = 0.02) accuracy on the hearts and flowers task. Higher fit children showed faster N2 latencies and greater P3 amplitudes to target stimuli; however, these were at the trend level following the adjustment of covariates. These findings indicate that the positive influence of cardiorespiratory fitness on cognitive function is evident in 4–6-year-olds. View Full-Text
Keywords: cardiorespiratory fitness; children; academic achievement; executive function; event-related potentials cardiorespiratory fitness; children; academic achievement; executive function; event-related potentials
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Keye, S.A.; Walk, A.M.; Cannavale, C.N.; Iwinski, S.; McLoughlin, G.M.; Steinberg, L.G.; Khan, N.A. Six-Minute Walking Test Performance Relates to Neurocognitive Abilities in Preschoolers. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 584. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10040584

AMA Style

Keye SA, Walk AM, Cannavale CN, Iwinski S, McLoughlin GM, Steinberg LG, Khan NA. Six-Minute Walking Test Performance Relates to Neurocognitive Abilities in Preschoolers. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(4):584. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10040584

Chicago/Turabian Style

Keye, Shelby A.; Walk, Anne M.; Cannavale, Corinne N.; Iwinski, Samantha; McLoughlin, Gabriella M.; Steinberg, Linda G.; Khan, Naiman A. 2021. "Six-Minute Walking Test Performance Relates to Neurocognitive Abilities in Preschoolers" J. Clin. Med. 10, no. 4: 584. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10040584

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop