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Open AccessArticle

Application of Ultrafiltration in a Swimming Pool Water Treatment System

1
Institute of Water and Wastewater Engineering, Faculty of Energy and Environmental Engineering, Silesian University of Technology, Konarskiego 18, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
2
Department of Physical Chemistry and Technology of Polymers, Faculty of Chemistry, Silesian University of Technology, M. Strzody 9, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Membranes 2019, 9(3), 44; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes9030044
Received: 14 February 2019 / Revised: 5 March 2019 / Accepted: 19 March 2019 / Published: 25 March 2019
Swimming pool water was treated using an ultrafiltration process using ceramic and polymer membranes for comparison. It was determined that the efficiency of the process depended on the type of membrane used. The polymer membrane decreased the absorbance and concentration of combined chlorine in the pool water to a greater extent than the ceramic membrane. In the case of a ceramic membrane, the concentration of combined chlorine in the permeate exceeded the limit values. During the ultrafiltration process, the permeate flux decreased, causing the blockage of membrane pores. The extent of this phenomenon was similar for both tested membranes. In the case of the ceramic membrane, flushing it with water could significantly restore its initial performance. For both tested membranes, a high regeneration efficiency was observed during chemical treatment with an alkaline solution. SEM photos of the polymer membrane showed low resistance of this polymer to the chlorine present in the swimming pool water. View Full-Text
Keywords: swimming pool water; water treatment; ultrafiltration; membrane cleaning swimming pool water; water treatment; ultrafiltration; membrane cleaning
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Dudziak, M.; Wyczarska-Kokot, J.; Łaskawiec, E.; Stolarczyk, A. Application of Ultrafiltration in a Swimming Pool Water Treatment System. Membranes 2019, 9, 44.

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