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Membranes 2019, 9(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes9010007

Performance of Void-Free Electrospun SPEEK/Cloisite as a Function of Degree of Dispersion State on Nanocomposite Proton Exchange Membrane for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Application

1
Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Skudai, Johor Bahru, Malaysia
2
Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Skudai, Johor Bahru, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 September 2018 / Revised: 2 December 2018 / Accepted: 3 December 2018 / Published: 2 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mass Transfer in Membranes)
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Abstract

One of the main problems in direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) application is methanol crossover. In order to solve the problem, an exfoliated void-free electrospun Sulfonated Poly(Ether Ether Ketone) (SPEEK)/cloisite nanocomposite membrane was developed. The membrane was prepared by immersing electrospun SPEEK/cloisite fiber mats onto incomplete solidified SPEEK polymer matrix. A well dispersed and reduction size of cloisite particles that ranges from 0.29–0.39 µm was observed by using Scanning Electron Microscopy Analysis (SEM) and Atomic Force Microscope (AFM). The effect of the morphology of the composite membrane in terms of degree of dispersion state of the Cloisite on the membrane performance was discussed. SP/e-spunCL15 with fully exfoliated structure exhibited the highest performance as compared to other tested membranes and Nafion® 115 with current density of 1042.2 mAcm−2 and power density of 1.18 mWcm−2. Improved morphological, dimensional change properties, and performance assigned to well-dispersed cloisite15A induced by the electrospinning technique make the membranes more efficient for direct methanol fuel cell applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: DMFC; void-free membrane; exfoliated; electrospinning; SPEEK/cloisite DMFC; void-free membrane; exfoliated; electrospinning; SPEEK/cloisite
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Awang, N.; Jaafar, J.; Ismail, A.F.; Othman, M.H.D.; Rahman, M.A. Performance of Void-Free Electrospun SPEEK/Cloisite as a Function of Degree of Dispersion State on Nanocomposite Proton Exchange Membrane for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Application. Membranes 2019, 9, 7.

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