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Membranes 2019, 9(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes9010003

Membranes with Intrinsic Micro-Porosity: Structure, Solubility, and Applications

State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu National Synergetic Innovation Center for Advanced Materials, College of Chemical Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, 5 Xinmofan Road, Nanjing 210009, China
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Received: 9 November 2018 / Revised: 14 December 2018 / Accepted: 18 December 2018 / Published: 26 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanostructured Membranes)
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Abstract

Microporous polymer membranes have been widely studied because of their excellent separation performance. Among them, polymers of intrinsic micro-porosity (PIMs) have been regarded as a potential next-generation membrane material for their ultra-permeable characteristics and their solution-processing ability. Therefore, many reviews have been reported on gas separation and monomers for the preparation of PIMs. This review aims to provide an overview of the structure-solubility property. Different structures such as non-network and network macromolecular structure made of different monomers have been reviewed. Then their solubility with different structures and different separation applications such as nanofiltration, pervaporation, and gas/vapor separation are summarized. Lastly, we also provide our perspectives on the challenges and future directions of the microporous polymer membrane for the structure-property relationship, anti-physical aging, and more. View Full-Text
Keywords: microporous polymer membrane; structure; solubility; separation performance microporous polymer membrane; structure; solubility; separation performance
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Zhou, H.; Jin, W. Membranes with Intrinsic Micro-Porosity: Structure, Solubility, and Applications. Membranes 2019, 9, 3.

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