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Membranes 2018, 8(3), 78; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes8030078

Implementation of Spiegler–Kedem and Steric Hindrance Pore Models for Analyzing Nanofiltration Membrane Performance for Smart Water Production

1
Department of Chemistry, Bioscience and Environmental Engineering, University of Stavanger, Kjell Arholmsgate 41, 4036 Stavanger, Norway
2
Department of Energy and Petroleum Engineering, University of Stavanger, Kjell Arholmsgate 41, 4036 Stavanger, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 August 2018 / Revised: 27 August 2018 / Accepted: 31 August 2018 / Published: 6 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mass Transfer in Membranes)
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Abstract

A predictive model correlating the parameters in the mass transfer-based model Spiegler–Kedem to the pure water permeability is presented in this research, which helps to select porous polyamide membranes for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) applications. Using the experimentally obtained values of flux and rejection, the reflection coefficient σ and solute permeability Ps have been estimated as the mass transfer-based model parameters for individual ions in seawater. The reflection coefficient and solute permeability determined were correlated with the pure water permeability of a membrane, which is related to the structural parameters of a membrane. The novelty of this research is the development of a model that consolidates the various complex mechanisms in the mass transfer of ions through the membrane to an empirical correlation for a given feed concentration and membrane type. These correlations were later used to predict ion rejections of any polyamide membrane with a known pure water permeability and flux with seawater as a feed that aids in the selection of suitable nanofiltration (NF) for smart water production. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanofiltration; Spiegler–Kedem model; steric hindrance pore model; ion rejection; reflection coefficient; solute permeability; pure water permeability nanofiltration; Spiegler–Kedem model; steric hindrance pore model; ion rejection; reflection coefficient; solute permeability; pure water permeability
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Nair, R.R.; Protasova, E.; Strand, S.; Bilstad, T. Implementation of Spiegler–Kedem and Steric Hindrance Pore Models for Analyzing Nanofiltration Membrane Performance for Smart Water Production. Membranes 2018, 8, 78.

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