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Article

What Prompts Doctors to Recommend COVID-19 Vaccines: Is It a Question of Positive Emotion?

1
Occupational Medicine, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, 95121 Catania, Italy
2
Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, University of Enna “Kore”, 94100 Enna, Italy
3
Faculty of Psychology, e-Campus University, 22060 Novedrate, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ralph J. DiClemente
Vaccines 2021, 9(6), 578; https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9060578
Received: 9 April 2021 / Revised: 24 May 2021 / Accepted: 27 May 2021 / Published: 1 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Vaccination and Compliance/Hesitancy)
Vaccines are among the most successful and cost-effective public health tools and have greatly contributed to eliminating or controlling several serious vaccine-treatable diseases over the past century. To curb the spread of COVID-19, efficacious vaccination is emerging as essential in mitigating the disease and preventing deaths. Health care workers (HCW) are one of the first groups to receive vaccinations, so it is important to consider their attitudes to COVID-19 vaccination to better address barriers to widespread vaccination acceptance. This study aimed to evaluate variables that are linked with the recommendation of vaccines and intention to take-up vaccination against COVID-19 among the HCWs, in the context of the current pandemic. The study was conducted during the first week of the vaccination campaign dedicated to Italian HCWs, beginning in December 2020, and it involved all doctors in a public hospital in Sicily. The following questionnaires were administered: (1) The perceived vaccine trust questionnaire, measuring the degree of trust in vaccines by healthcare professionals both in general and for the protection of healthcare professionals themselves and patients; (2) the positive and negative affect scale-state (PANAS), for assessing positive and negative emotions in relation to their work as “frontline care providers”; (3) The locus of control of behaviour (LCB) to measure the extent to which subjects perceive responsibility for their personal behaviour (internal vs. external); (4) recommendation vaccines item, referring to the intention to recommend vaccination. The findings suggest that socio-demographic control variables (age, gender, and seniority) showed little or no predictive power in vaccine recommendation, while vaccine confidence, positive emotions, and internal locus of control were excellent predictors of vaccine recommendations by doctors. Younger doctors, both in age and experience, are more confident in vaccines and recommend them more frequently. It is essential to improve institutional communication addressed to doctors to enhance their role as vaccination facilitators. View Full-Text
Keywords: trust; vaccine; recommendation; locus of control; emotion; work; doctors trust; vaccine; recommendation; locus of control; emotion; work; doctors
MDPI and ACS Style

Rapisarda, V.; Vella, F.; Ledda, C.; Barattucci, M.; Ramaci, T. What Prompts Doctors to Recommend COVID-19 Vaccines: Is It a Question of Positive Emotion? Vaccines 2021, 9, 578. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9060578

AMA Style

Rapisarda V, Vella F, Ledda C, Barattucci M, Ramaci T. What Prompts Doctors to Recommend COVID-19 Vaccines: Is It a Question of Positive Emotion? Vaccines. 2021; 9(6):578. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9060578

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rapisarda, Venerando, Francesca Vella, Caterina Ledda, Massimiliano Barattucci, and Tiziana Ramaci. 2021. "What Prompts Doctors to Recommend COVID-19 Vaccines: Is It a Question of Positive Emotion?" Vaccines 9, no. 6: 578. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9060578

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