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Open AccessArticle

A Qualitative Study on Gendered Barriers to Livestock Vaccine Uptake in Kenya and Uganda and Their Implications on Rift Valley Fever Control

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International Livestock Research Institute, Post Office Box 30709, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
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Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries, Post Office Box 102, Plot 16-18 Lugard Avenue, Entebbe, Uganda
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Global Health Support Initiative III, Social Solutions International, United States Agency for International Development Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance, 1300 Pennsylvania Ave North West, Washington, DC 20523, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vaccines 2019, 7(3), 86; https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines7030086
Received: 18 June 2019 / Revised: 19 July 2019 / Accepted: 23 July 2019 / Published: 8 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Veterinary Vaccines)
Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a zoonotic disease of great public health and economic importance transmitted by mosquitoes. The main method of preventing the disease is vaccination of susceptible livestock before outbreaks occur. Studies on RVF vaccines have focused on the production processes, safety, and efficacy standards but those on uptake and adoption levels are rare. This study sought to understand the barriers faced by men and women farmers in the uptake of livestock vaccines to inform strategies for optimizing the use of vaccines against RVF in East Africa. The cross-sectional qualitative study utilized the pairwise ranking technique in sex disaggregated focus group discussions to identify and rank these barriers. Results indicate that men and women farmers experience barriers to vaccine uptake differentially. The barriers include the direct and indirect cost of vaccines, distances to vaccination points, availability of vaccination crushes, intra-household decision making processes and availability of information on vaccination campaigns. The study concludes that vaccine provision does not guarantee uptake at the community level. Hence, these barriers should be considered while designing vaccination strategies to enhance community uptake because vaccine uptake is a complex process which requires buy-in from men and women farmers, veterinary departments, county/district and national governments, and vaccine producers. View Full-Text
Keywords: livestock; vaccines; rift valley fever; gender; barriers; uptake; Uganda; Kenya livestock; vaccines; rift valley fever; gender; barriers; uptake; Uganda; Kenya
MDPI and ACS Style

Mutua, E.; de Haan, N.; Tumusiime, D.; Jost, C.; Bett, B. A Qualitative Study on Gendered Barriers to Livestock Vaccine Uptake in Kenya and Uganda and Their Implications on Rift Valley Fever Control. Vaccines 2019, 7, 86.

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