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Vaccines 2018, 6(4), 76; https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines6040076

The Immunomodulatory and Antimicrobial Properties of the Vertebrate Ribonuclease A Superfamily

1
Center for Clinical and Translational Research, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s, Columbus, OH 43205, USA
2
The University of Toledo College of Medicine and Life Sciences, Toledo, OH 43614, USA
3
Division of Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, Nationwide Children’s, Columbus, OH 43205, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 June 2018 / Revised: 31 October 2018 / Accepted: 16 November 2018 / Published: 20 November 2018
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Abstract

The Ribonuclease A Superfamily is composed of cationic peptides that are secreted by immune cells and epithelial tissues. Although their physiological roles are unclear, several members of the vertebrate Ribonuclease A Superfamily demonstrate antimicrobial and immune modulation activities. The objective of this review is to provide an overview of the published literature on the Ribonuclease A Superfamily with an emphasis on each peptide’s regulation, antimicrobial properties, and immunomodulatory functions. As additional insights emerge regarding the mechanisms in which these ribonucleases eradicate invading pathogens and modulate immune function, these ribonucleases may have the potential to be developed as a novel class of therapeutics for some human diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: ribonuclease A superfamily; ribonucleases; innate immunity; infection; inflammation ribonuclease A superfamily; ribonucleases; innate immunity; infection; inflammation
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Schwartz, L.; Cohen, A.; Thomas, J.; Spencer, J.D. The Immunomodulatory and Antimicrobial Properties of the Vertebrate Ribonuclease A Superfamily. Vaccines 2018, 6, 76.

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