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Article

Factors Influencing the Knowledge Gap regarding Influenza and Influenza Vaccination in the Context of COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Survey in China

1
School of Journalism and Communication, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China
2
Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
3
Law School, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: S. Louise Cosby
Vaccines 2022, 10(6), 957; https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines10060957
Received: 10 May 2022 / Revised: 7 June 2022 / Accepted: 14 June 2022 / Published: 16 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Insight in Vaccination and Public Health)
In the context of the COVID-19 global pandemic, promoting influenza knowledge and vaccine helps reduce the risk of dual pandemics and relieve the pressure on healthcare systems. Due to the low rate of influenza vaccination in China, we conducted a cross-sectional survey to investigate whether a knowledge gap regarding influenza and influenza vaccine exists between Chinese groups of different socioeconomic statuses and then explore the possible factors influencing knowledge level. A total of 951 valid questionnaires were collected online in this study. Variance analysis shows a knowledge gap regarding influenza and influenza vaccination between different socioeconomic status groups. Correlation analysis shows that internet media, social media, public communication, and interpersonal communication are positively associated with the knowledge level. Multilevel regression analysis shows a significant interaction between internet media and educational level. This study finds that internet media use helps narrow the knowledge gap between groups with different education levels. This article recommends a multi-channel promotion of influenza and vaccine knowledge and better pertinence between contents and readers. View Full-Text
Keywords: influenza; influenza vaccination; knowledge gap; vaccine hesitancy; health communication; COVID-19 pandemic influenza; influenza vaccination; knowledge gap; vaccine hesitancy; health communication; COVID-19 pandemic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yin, H.; You, Q.; Wu, J.; Jin, L. Factors Influencing the Knowledge Gap regarding Influenza and Influenza Vaccination in the Context of COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Survey in China. Vaccines 2022, 10, 957. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines10060957

AMA Style

Yin H, You Q, Wu J, Jin L. Factors Influencing the Knowledge Gap regarding Influenza and Influenza Vaccination in the Context of COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Survey in China. Vaccines. 2022; 10(6):957. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines10060957

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yin, Huimin, Qingqing You, Jing Wu, and Lianji Jin. 2022. "Factors Influencing the Knowledge Gap regarding Influenza and Influenza Vaccination in the Context of COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Survey in China" Vaccines 10, no. 6: 957. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines10060957

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