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Review

Anthocyanins and Human Health—A Focus on Oxidative Stress, Inflammation and Disease

1
Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, Bruce, ACT 2617, Australia
2
Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Canberra, Bruce, ACT 2617, Australia
3
University of Canberra Research Institute for Sport and Exercise (UC-RISE), University of Canberra, Bruce, ACT 2617, Australia
4
Chiron Organic Health, Wedderburn, VIC 3518, Australia
5
Discipline of Biokinetics, Exercise and Leisure Sciences, School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal 4000, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Antioxidants 2020, 9(5), 366; https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9050366
Received: 28 March 2020 / Revised: 21 April 2020 / Accepted: 27 April 2020 / Published: 28 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antioxidants in the Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Diseases)
Consumption of anthocyanins (ACNs), due to their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects, has been proposed for the prevention and treatment of several different diseases and conditions. ACNs are recognized as one of the leading nutraceuticals for prolonging health benefits through the attenuation of oxidative stress, and inflammatory or age-related diseases. Increased consumption of ACNs has the potential to attenuate the damage ensuing from oxidative stress, inflammation, enhance cardiometabolic health, and delay symptoms in predisposed neuropathology. A myriad of evidence supports ACN consumption as complementary or standalone treatment strategies for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) including obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease (CVD), neurodegenerative diseases, as well as, more recently, for the modulation of gut bacteria and bone metabolism. While these findings indicate the beneficial effects of ACN consumption, their food sources differ vastly in ACN composition and thus potentially in their physiological effects. Consumption of foods high in ACNs can be recommended for their potential beneficial health effects due to their relatively easy and accessible addition to the everyday diet. View Full-Text
Keywords: anthocyanins; flavonoids; antioxidant activity; inflammation; disease; oxidative damage anthocyanins; flavonoids; antioxidant activity; inflammation; disease; oxidative damage
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MDPI and ACS Style

Speer, H.; D’Cunha, N.M.; Alexopoulos, N.I.; McKune, A.J.; Naumovski, N. Anthocyanins and Human Health—A Focus on Oxidative Stress, Inflammation and Disease. Antioxidants 2020, 9, 366. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9050366

AMA Style

Speer H, D’Cunha NM, Alexopoulos NI, McKune AJ, Naumovski N. Anthocyanins and Human Health—A Focus on Oxidative Stress, Inflammation and Disease. Antioxidants. 2020; 9(5):366. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9050366

Chicago/Turabian Style

Speer, Hollie, Nathan M. D’Cunha, Natalie I. Alexopoulos, Andrew J. McKune, and Nenad Naumovski. 2020. "Anthocyanins and Human Health—A Focus on Oxidative Stress, Inflammation and Disease" Antioxidants 9, no. 5: 366. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9050366

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