Next Article in Journal
Use of Olive Oil Industrial By-Product for Pasta Enrichment
Next Article in Special Issue
Effects of Mulberry Fruit (Morus alba L.) Consumption on Health Outcomes: A Mini-Review
Previous Article in Journal
Selenium-Rich Ricegrass Juice Improves Antioxidant Properties and Nitric Oxide Inhibition in Macrophage Cells
Previous Article in Special Issue
Fluid Intake and Beverage Consumption Description and Their Association with Dietary Vitamins and Antioxidant Compounds in Italian Adults from the Mediterranean Healthy Eating, Aging and Lifestyles (MEAL) Study
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Antioxidants 2018, 7(4), 58; https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox7040058

Macronutrient and Major Food Group Intake in a Cohort of Southern Italian Adults

1
Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies “G.F. Ingrassia”, University of Catania, 95125 Catania, Italy
2
Provincial Health Authority of Catania, 95127 Catania, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 March 2018 / Revised: 5 April 2018 / Accepted: 12 April 2018 / Published: 15 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Antioxidants and Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases)
Full-Text   |   PDF [320 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]

Abstract

Background: Dietary intake of macronutrient and foods is considered crucial to decrease the risk of diet-related non-communicable diseases. Methods: The aim of this study was to describe the intake of major food groups and macronutrients in a random sample of 1838 southern Italian adults. Results: No significant differences of macronutrient consumption between sexes were found. By contrast, younger individuals had significantly higher intake of animal protein than older ones. Men reported consuming significantly more total processed meats and less eggs than women; egg consumption significantly increased by age groups. Significantly lower intake of fruit in the younger age group compared to older ones was found. Various patterns of correlation between food groups were described. More than half of individuals reached the suggested recommendations for carbohydrate and fiber intake, and about two-thirds met the recommendations for total protein and cholesterol intake, while only a minority met for total fat intake. Total and plant protein, monounsaturated and omega-6 fatty acids, were significantly inversely related with BMI (body mass index), while trans fatty acids and cholesterol were directly correlated. A direct association with unprocessed meats and an inverse association with processed meats was also found. Conclusions: The overall findings suggest that relatively healthy dietary habits are common in southern Italy. View Full-Text
Keywords: macronutrients; food intake; body mass index; dietary recommendations; cohort macronutrients; food intake; body mass index; dietary recommendations; cohort
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Mulè, S.; Falla, M.; Conti, A.; Castiglione, D.; Blanco, I.; Platania, A.; D’Urso, M.; Marranzano, M. Macronutrient and Major Food Group Intake in a Cohort of Southern Italian Adults. Antioxidants 2018, 7, 58.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Antioxidants EISSN 2076-3921 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top