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Antioxidants 2018, 7(4), 58;

Macronutrient and Major Food Group Intake in a Cohort of Southern Italian Adults

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies “G.F. Ingrassia”, University of Catania, 95125 Catania, Italy
Provincial Health Authority of Catania, 95127 Catania, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 March 2018 / Revised: 5 April 2018 / Accepted: 12 April 2018 / Published: 15 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Antioxidants and Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases)
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Background: Dietary intake of macronutrient and foods is considered crucial to decrease the risk of diet-related non-communicable diseases. Methods: The aim of this study was to describe the intake of major food groups and macronutrients in a random sample of 1838 southern Italian adults. Results: No significant differences of macronutrient consumption between sexes were found. By contrast, younger individuals had significantly higher intake of animal protein than older ones. Men reported consuming significantly more total processed meats and less eggs than women; egg consumption significantly increased by age groups. Significantly lower intake of fruit in the younger age group compared to older ones was found. Various patterns of correlation between food groups were described. More than half of individuals reached the suggested recommendations for carbohydrate and fiber intake, and about two-thirds met the recommendations for total protein and cholesterol intake, while only a minority met for total fat intake. Total and plant protein, monounsaturated and omega-6 fatty acids, were significantly inversely related with BMI (body mass index), while trans fatty acids and cholesterol were directly correlated. A direct association with unprocessed meats and an inverse association with processed meats was also found. Conclusions: The overall findings suggest that relatively healthy dietary habits are common in southern Italy. View Full-Text
Keywords: macronutrients; food intake; body mass index; dietary recommendations; cohort macronutrients; food intake; body mass index; dietary recommendations; cohort
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Mulè, S.; Falla, M.; Conti, A.; Castiglione, D.; Blanco, I.; Platania, A.; D’Urso, M.; Marranzano, M. Macronutrient and Major Food Group Intake in a Cohort of Southern Italian Adults. Antioxidants 2018, 7, 58.

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