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Antioxidants 2018, 7(4), 54;

Iron and the Breastfed Infant

Department of Food and Human Nutritional Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2, Canada
Food and Nutrition Administration, Ministry of Health, P.O. Box 4078, Safat 13041, Kuwait
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 February 2018 / Revised: 31 March 2018 / Accepted: 4 April 2018 / Published: 6 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antioxidants: Infant Nutrition)
PDF [252 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]


The first 6 months of life is a crucial time in meeting iron needs. The purpose of this review is to examine iron in mother’s milk and whether or not it meets the physiological needs of the growing infant. Key issues include iron content and iron transport from the mammary gland as well as when and what foods should be added to the solely breastfed infant. We examine these topics in light of new molecular biology findings in the mammary gland. View Full-Text
Keywords: iron; infant; mother’s milk iron; infant; mother’s milk
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Friel, J.; Qasem, W.; Cai, C. Iron and the Breastfed Infant. Antioxidants 2018, 7, 54.

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