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Article

Pharmacognostic and Antioxidant Properties of Dracaena sanderiana Leaves

1
School of Health Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian 16150, Malaysia
2
Integrative Medicine Cluster, Advanced Medical and Dental Institute, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kepala Batas 13200, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Farid Chemat and Maryline Abert-Vian
Antioxidants 2016, 5(3), 28; https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox5030028
Received: 11 July 2016 / Revised: 15 August 2016 / Accepted: 16 August 2016 / Published: 20 August 2016
Endogenous and exogenous antioxidants are used to neutralise free radicals and protect the body from free radicals by maintaining the redox balance. The antioxidant properties of Dracaena sanderiana leaves were evaluated using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay, and the total phenolic and flavonoid contents were measured. The classes of secondary metabolites were evaluated through pharmacognostic studies, and active compounds were identified by gas chromatography mass-spectrometry (GC-MS). All ethanol-water extracts and D. sanderiana leaf powder were positive for tannins, saponins, terpenoids, cardiac glycosides, and quinones. Flavonoids were present in 100%, 80%, 60%, and 40% ethanol extracts (E100, E80, E60, and E40). E100 showed the highest total flavonoid content, whereas E60 extract showed the highest antioxidant activity and total phenolic content. GC-MS revealed the presence of glycerol, 2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl-(4H)-pyran-4-one, n-dodecanoic acid, tetradecanoid acid, (n-) hexadecanoid acid, and n-octadecanoic acid in the E60 extract. View Full-Text
Keywords: Dracaena sanderiana; antioxidant; DPPH; Total phenolic content (TPC); Total flavonoid content (TFC) Dracaena sanderiana; antioxidant; DPPH; Total phenolic content (TPC); Total flavonoid content (TFC)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ong, M.G.; Mat Yusuf, S.N.A.; Lim, V. Pharmacognostic and Antioxidant Properties of Dracaena sanderiana Leaves. Antioxidants 2016, 5, 28. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox5030028

AMA Style

Ong MG, Mat Yusuf SNA, Lim V. Pharmacognostic and Antioxidant Properties of Dracaena sanderiana Leaves. Antioxidants. 2016; 5(3):28. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox5030028

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ong, Mei G., Siti N.A. Mat Yusuf, and Vuanghao Lim. 2016. "Pharmacognostic and Antioxidant Properties of Dracaena sanderiana Leaves" Antioxidants 5, no. 3: 28. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox5030028

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