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Article

Prophylactic and Ameliorative Effects of PPAR-γ Agonist Pioglitazone in Improving Oxidative Stress, Germ Cell Apoptosis and Inflammation in Gentamycin-Induced Testicular Damage in Adult Male Albino Rats

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Physiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia 41522, Egypt
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Clinical Pharmacology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia 41522, Egypt
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Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia 41522, Egypt
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Center of Excellence in Molecular and Cellular Medicine (CEMCM), Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia 41522, Egypt
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Clinical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez University, Suez 41522, Egypt
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Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Jouf University, Sakaka 72341, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Sciences, Taif University, Taif 21944, Saudi Arabia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nicole McPherson
Antioxidants 2022, 11(2), 191; https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox11020191
Received: 25 November 2021 / Revised: 11 January 2022 / Accepted: 13 January 2022 / Published: 19 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sperm Oxidative Stress)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) is ubiquitously expressed in testicular tissue and plays a crucial role in regulating various physiological processes. Pioglitazone (PIO) is one of the PPAR-γ agonists, having anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Patients on gentamycin treatment may undergo serious side effects such as testicular damage. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first study to investigate the possible protective anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects of PIO on gentamycin-induced testicular damage. Fifty adult male Wistar albino rats included in the study as the control group (CTL) received normal saline; a gentamycin-induced testicular damage group (GM) received gentamycin (100 mg/kg); PIO5, PIO10, PIO20 groups received PIO at a dose of 5, 10, and 20 mg/ kg, respectively, for 21 days, and gentamycin was started at day 15 of the experiment for 6 days. The parameters of spermatozoa and histopathological alterations in the testes were significantly improved in the PIO20 group. Moreover, MDA levels, inflammatory mediators, and apoptotic Bax expression were decreased. The activity of glutathione peroxidase, catalase, total antioxidant capacity, and anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 genes expression were increased. It was concluded that PIO20 could protect against gentamycin-induced testicular damage in Wistar rats through its anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: testis; gentamycin; PPAR-γ; testosterone; oxidative stress; inflammatory cytokines testis; gentamycin; PPAR-γ; testosterone; oxidative stress; inflammatory cytokines
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MDPI and ACS Style

El-Sayed, K.; Ali, D.A.; Maher, S.A.; Ghareeb, D.; Selim, S.; Albogami, S.; Fayad, E.; Kolieb, E. Prophylactic and Ameliorative Effects of PPAR-γ Agonist Pioglitazone in Improving Oxidative Stress, Germ Cell Apoptosis and Inflammation in Gentamycin-Induced Testicular Damage in Adult Male Albino Rats. Antioxidants 2022, 11, 191. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox11020191

AMA Style

El-Sayed K, Ali DA, Maher SA, Ghareeb D, Selim S, Albogami S, Fayad E, Kolieb E. Prophylactic and Ameliorative Effects of PPAR-γ Agonist Pioglitazone in Improving Oxidative Stress, Germ Cell Apoptosis and Inflammation in Gentamycin-Induced Testicular Damage in Adult Male Albino Rats. Antioxidants. 2022; 11(2):191. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox11020191

Chicago/Turabian Style

El-Sayed, Karima, Dina A. Ali, Shymaa A. Maher, Dalia Ghareeb, Samy Selim, Sarah Albogami, Eman Fayad, and Eman Kolieb. 2022. "Prophylactic and Ameliorative Effects of PPAR-γ Agonist Pioglitazone in Improving Oxidative Stress, Germ Cell Apoptosis and Inflammation in Gentamycin-Induced Testicular Damage in Adult Male Albino Rats" Antioxidants 11, no. 2: 191. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox11020191

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