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Review

Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Leaves: Nutritional Composition, Phytochemical Profile, and Health-Promoting Bioactivities

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Chemical and Biochemical Processing Division, ICAR—Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology, Mumbai 400019, India
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Division of Food Science and Postharvest Technology, ICAR—Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110012, India
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ICAR—Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi 284003, India
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Agro Produce Processing Division, ICAR—Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Bhopal 462038, India
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Division of Crop Physiology, Biochemistry and Post-Harvest Technology, ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla 171001, India
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Division of Biochemistry, ICAR—Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110012, India
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Department of Agriculture Energy and Power, ICAR—Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Bhopal 462038, India
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Dr. S.S. Bhatnagar University Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160014, India
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School of Agriculture, Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur 302017, Rajasthan, India
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Division of Horticulture, RCSM College of Agriculture, Kolhapur 416004, Maharashtra, India
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Department of Food, Nutrition, & packaging Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
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Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, 10-748 Olsztyn, Tuwima 10, Poland
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Clinic for Conservative Dentistry and Periodontology, School of Dental Medicine, Christian-Albrecht’s University, 24105 Kiel, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Vincenzo De Feo and Filomena Nazzaro
Antioxidants 2021, 10(2), 299; https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox10020299
Received: 28 January 2021 / Revised: 9 February 2021 / Accepted: 12 February 2021 / Published: 16 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antioxidant and Biological Properties of Plant Extracts)
Mangifera indica L. belongs to the family of Anacardiaceae and is an important fruit from South and Southeast Asia. India, China, Thailand, Indonesia, Pakistan, Mexico, Brazil, Bangladesh, Nigeria, and the Philippines are among the top mango producer countries. Leaves of the mango plant have been studied for their health benefits, which are attributed to a plethora of phytochemicals such as mangiferin, followed by phenolic acids, benzophenones, and other antioxidants such as flavonoids, ascorbic acid, carotenoids, and tocopherols. The extracts from mango leaves (MLs) have been studied for their biological activities, including anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, anti-obesity, lipid-lowering, hepato-protection, and anti-diarrheal. In the present review, we have elaborated on the nutritional and phytochemical profile of the MLs. Further, various bioactivities of the ML extracts are also critically discussed. Considering the phytochemical profile and beneficial effects of the MLs, they can be used as a potential ingredient for the development of functional foods and pharmaceutical drugs. However, more detailed clinical trials still needed to be conducted for establishing the actual efficacy of the ML extracts. View Full-Text
Keywords: mango leaves; biological activities; phenolic bioactives; polysaccharides; health promoting effects mango leaves; biological activities; phenolic bioactives; polysaccharides; health promoting effects
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kumar, M.; Saurabh, V.; Tomar, M.; Hasan, M.; Changan, S.; Sasi, M.; Maheshwari, C.; Prajapati, U.; Singh, S.; Prajapat, R.K.; Dhumal, S.; Punia, S.; Amarowicz, R.; Mekhemar, M. Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Leaves: Nutritional Composition, Phytochemical Profile, and Health-Promoting Bioactivities. Antioxidants 2021, 10, 299. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox10020299

AMA Style

Kumar M, Saurabh V, Tomar M, Hasan M, Changan S, Sasi M, Maheshwari C, Prajapati U, Singh S, Prajapat RK, Dhumal S, Punia S, Amarowicz R, Mekhemar M. Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Leaves: Nutritional Composition, Phytochemical Profile, and Health-Promoting Bioactivities. Antioxidants. 2021; 10(2):299. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox10020299

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kumar, Manoj, Vivek Saurabh, Maharishi Tomar, Muzaffar Hasan, Sushil Changan, Minnu Sasi, Chirag Maheshwari, Uma Prajapati, Surinder Singh, Rakesh K. Prajapat, Sangram Dhumal, Sneh Punia, Ryszard Amarowicz, and Mohamed Mekhemar. 2021. "Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Leaves: Nutritional Composition, Phytochemical Profile, and Health-Promoting Bioactivities" Antioxidants 10, no. 2: 299. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox10020299

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