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Article

Phenolic Profiles, Antioxidant Activity and Phenotypic Characterization of Lonicera caerulea L. Berries, Cultivated in Lithuania

1
Laboratory of Biopharmaceutical Research, Institute of Pharmaceutical Technologies, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Sukileliu av. 13, LT-50162 Kaunas, Lithuania
2
Department of Pharmacognosy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Sukileliu av. 13, LT-50162 Kaunas, Lithuania
3
Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Institute of Horticulture, Kauno str. 30, Babtai, LT-54333 Kaunas, Lithuania
4
Department of Horticulture, Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research—NIBIO Ullensvang, Ullensvangvegen 1005, NO-5781 Lofthus, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Antioxidants 2021, 10(1), 115; https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox10010115
Received: 28 December 2020 / Revised: 7 January 2021 / Accepted: 11 January 2021 / Published: 15 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phenolics as Antioxidant Agents)
Lonicera caerulea L. is an early fruit-bearing plant that originates from harsh environments. Raw materials contain a body of different phenolic origin compounds that determine the multidirectional antioxidant and pharmacological activities. The aim of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the phenolic composition, antioxidant capacities, vegetative, pomological, and sensory properties and their interrelations of selected L. caerulea cultivars, namely ‘Amphora’, ‘Wojtek’, ‘Iga’, ’Leningradskij Velikan’, ‘Nimfa’, ‘Indigo Gem’, ‘Tundra’, ‘Tola’, and fruit powders. Combined chromatographic systems were applied for the qualitative and quantitative profiling of 23 constituents belonging to the classes of anthocyanins, flavonols, flavones, proanthocyanidins, and phenolic acids. The determined markers of phytochemical profiles were cyanidin-3-glucoside, rutin, chlorogenic, and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid. Anthocyanins and the predominant compound, cyanidin-3-glucoside, were the determinants of antioxidant activity. Cultivars ‘Amphora’, ‘Indigo Gem’, and ‘Tundra’ contained the greatest total amounts of identified phenolic compounds. Phenotypic characterization revealed the superiority of cultivars ‘Wojtek’ and ’Tundra’ compared to other cultivars, although ’Wojtek’ had low phenolic content and antioxidant activity and ’Tundra’ got lower sensory evaluation scores. Coupling the results of phenotypic and phytochemical characterization, cultivar ‘Tundra’ could be suitable for commercial plantations. View Full-Text
Keywords: Lonicera caerulea L.; honeysuckle berry; phenolic profile; anthocyanins; antioxidant activity Lonicera caerulea L.; honeysuckle berry; phenolic profile; anthocyanins; antioxidant activity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Raudonė, L.; Liaudanskas, M.; Vilkickytė, G.; Kviklys, D.; Žvikas, V.; Viškelis, J.; Viškelis, P. Phenolic Profiles, Antioxidant Activity and Phenotypic Characterization of Lonicera caerulea L. Berries, Cultivated in Lithuania. Antioxidants 2021, 10, 115. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox10010115

AMA Style

Raudonė L, Liaudanskas M, Vilkickytė G, Kviklys D, Žvikas V, Viškelis J, Viškelis P. Phenolic Profiles, Antioxidant Activity and Phenotypic Characterization of Lonicera caerulea L. Berries, Cultivated in Lithuania. Antioxidants. 2021; 10(1):115. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox10010115

Chicago/Turabian Style

Raudonė, Lina, Mindaugas Liaudanskas, Gabrielė Vilkickytė, Darius Kviklys, Vaidotas Žvikas, Jonas Viškelis, and Pranas Viškelis. 2021. "Phenolic Profiles, Antioxidant Activity and Phenotypic Characterization of Lonicera caerulea L. Berries, Cultivated in Lithuania" Antioxidants 10, no. 1: 115. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox10010115

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