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Gamma Knife Radiosurgery for Trigeminal Neuralgia: A Comparison of Dose Protocols

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA
2
School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA
3
Department of Neurosurgery, National University Hospital, Singapore 119228, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2019, 9(6), 134; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9060134
Received: 24 April 2019 / Revised: 1 June 2019 / Accepted: 4 June 2019 / Published: 10 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Surgery for Spine Disease and Intractable Pain)
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Abstract

Purpose: A variety of treatment plans including an array of prescription doses have been used in radiosurgery treatment of trigeminal neuralgia (TN). However, despite a considerable experience in the radiosurgical treatment of TN, an ideal prescription dose that balances facial dysesthesia risk with pain relief durability has not been determined. Methods and Materials: This retrospective study of patients treated with radiosurgery for typical TN evaluates two treatment doses in relation to outcomes of pain freedom, bothersome facial numbness, and patient satisfaction with treatment. All patients were treated with radiosurgery for intractable and disabling TN. A treatment dose protocol change from 80 to 85 Gy provided an opportunity to compare two prescription doses. The variables evaluated were pain relief, treatment side-effect profile, and patient satisfaction. Results: Typical TN was treated with 80 Gy in 26 patients, and 85 Gy in 37 patients. A new face sensory disturbance was reported after 80 Gy in 16% and after 85 Gy in 27% (p = 0.4). Thirteen failed an 80 Gy dose whereas seven failed an 85 Gy dose. Kaplan–Meier analysis found that at 29 months 50% failed an 80 Gy treatment compared with 79% who had durable pain relief after 85 Gy treatment (p = 0.04). Conclusion: The 85 Gy dose for TN provided a more durable pain relief compared to the 80 Gy one without a significantly elevated occurrence of facial sensory disturbance. View Full-Text
Keywords: trigeminal neuralgia; tic douloureux; radiosurgery; Gamma Knife trigeminal neuralgia; tic douloureux; radiosurgery; Gamma Knife
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Boling, W.; Song, M.; Shih, W.; Karlsson, B. Gamma Knife Radiosurgery for Trigeminal Neuralgia: A Comparison of Dose Protocols. Brain Sci. 2019, 9, 134.

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