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Peer Victimization and Onset of Social Anxiety Disorder in Children and Adolescents

Child and Adolescence Neuropsychiatry Unit, Department of Neuroscience, Children Hospital Bambino Gesù, Piazza Sant’Onofrio 4, 00165 Rome, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2019, 9(6), 132;
Received: 3 May 2019 / Revised: 4 June 2019 / Accepted: 5 June 2019 / Published: 6 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Collection on Developmental Neuroscience)
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Background: In the literature, several studies have proposed that children and adolescents with social anxiety had experienced previously victimization from peers and siblings. The aim of this review was to contribute to the updating of recent findings about the relationship between peer victimization and onset of social anxiety in children and adolescents. Methods: A selective review of literature published between 2011 and 2018 on Social Anxiety Disorder in children and adolescents that experienced peer victimization during childhood and adolescence. Results: Seventeen studies are included. All studies showed that peer victimization is positively correlated to the presence of social anxiety. Moreover, the perpetration of peer victimization may contribute to the maintenance and the exacerbation of social anxiety symptoms. Conclusions: In children and adolescents with Social Anxiety Disorder, it is necessary to evaluate firstly the presence of peer victimization experiences. Subsequently, therapeutics programs targeted to elaborate these experiences and to reduce the anticipatory anxiety and the avoidance that characterized these children and adolescents can be proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: peer victimization; social anxiety; bullying; adolescents; children peer victimization; social anxiety; bullying; adolescents; children

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Pontillo, M.; Tata, M.C.; Averna, R.; Demaria, F.; Gargiullo, P.; Guerrera, S.; Pucciarini, M.L.; Santonastaso, O.; Vicari, S. Peer Victimization and Onset of Social Anxiety Disorder in Children and Adolescents. Brain Sci. 2019, 9, 132.

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