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Preserved Cerebral Oxygen Metabolism in Astrocytic Dysfunction: A Combination Study of 15O-Gas PET with 14C-Acetate Autoradiography

1
Department of Nuclear Medicine and Tracer Kinetics, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita 565-0871, Japan
2
Department of Molecular Imaging in Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita 565-0871, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2019, 9(5), 101; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9050101
Received: 20 March 2019 / Revised: 24 April 2019 / Accepted: 29 April 2019 / Published: 3 May 2019
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Abstract

Fluorocitrate (FC) is a specific metabolic inhibitor of the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle in astrocytes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether inhibition of the astrocyte TCA cycle by FC would affect the oxygen metabolism in the rat brain. At 4 h after the intracranial FC injection, the rats (n = 9) were investigated by 15O-labeled gas PET to measure the cerebral blood flow (CBF), the cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2), oxygen extraction fraction (OEF), and cerebral blood volume (CBV). After the 15O-gas PET, the rats were given an intravenous injection of 14C-acetate for autoradiography. 15O-gas PET showed no significant differences in any of the measured parameters between the ipsilateral and contralateral striatum (high dose group: CBF (54.4 ± 8.8 and 55.3 ± 11.6 mL/100 mL/min), CMRO2 (7.0 ± 0.9 and 7.1 ± 1.2 mL/100 mL/min), OEF (72.0 ± 8.9 and 70.8 ± 8.2%), and CBV (4.1 ± 0.8 and 4.2 ± 0.9 mL/100 mL), respectively). In contrast, the 14C-acetate autoradiography revealed a significant inhibition of the astrocyte metabolism in the ipsilateral striatum. The regional cerebral oxygen consumption as well as the hemodynamic parameters were maintained even in the face of inhibition of the astrocyte TCA cycle metabolism in the rat brain. View Full-Text
Keywords: fluorocitrate; astrocyte; oxygen consumption; TCA cycle; 15O-gas PET; cerebral blood flow; cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen; 14C-acetate fluorocitrate; astrocyte; oxygen consumption; TCA cycle; 15O-gas PET; cerebral blood flow; cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen; 14C-acetate
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Macaisa, C.M.; Watabe, T.; Liu, Y.; Romanov, V.; Kanai, Y.; Horitsugi, G.; Kato, H.; Shimosegawa, E.; Hatazawa, J. Preserved Cerebral Oxygen Metabolism in Astrocytic Dysfunction: A Combination Study of 15O-Gas PET with 14C-Acetate Autoradiography. Brain Sci. 2019, 9, 101.

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