Next Article in Journal
Modelling Protein Synthesis as A Biomarker in Fragile X Syndrome Patient-Derived Cells
Next Article in Special Issue
Parallel Emergence of a Compartmentalized Striatum with the Phylogenetic Development of the Cerebral Cortex
Previous Article in Journal
Empagliflozin Ameliorates Type 2 Diabetes-Induced Ultrastructural Remodeling of the Neurovascular Unit and Neuroglia in the Female db/db Mouse
Article Menu
Issue 3 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Reasoning on Figurative Language: A Preliminary Study on Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Klinefelter Syndrome

1
Department of Psychology of Development and Socialization Processes, “Sapienza”, University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Pediatrics, “Sapienza”, University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
3
Faculty of Psychology, University “Niccolò Cusano”, Telematica, 00166 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2019, 9(3), 58; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9030058
Received: 14 February 2019 / Revised: 2 March 2019 / Accepted: 7 March 2019 / Published: 11 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Collection on Developmental Neuroscience)
  |  
PDF [912 KB, uploaded 11 March 2019]
  |  

Abstract

In this study we explored metaphor and idiom competencies in two clinical populations, children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) and children with Klinefelter syndrome (KS), (age range: 9–12), compared to typically developing (TD) children of the same age. These three groups were tested with two multiple-choice tests assessing idiom comprehension through iconic and verbal alternatives and a metaphor comprehension test composed of novel, physical-psychological metaphors, requesting verbal explanations. To these instruments, another test was added, assessing basic sentence comprehension. Performances on the different linguistic tasks were examined by means of discriminant analysis which showed that idiom comprehension had a very small weight in distinguishing children with ASD from TD controls, whereas metaphor explanation did distinguish them. This study suggests that figurative language comprehension is not a “core deficit” per se in individuals with ASD. Only when the task requires to explicitly construct and explain a semantic mapping between the two terms of a metaphor does the performance of children with ASD significantly deviate from the typical population. These results are interpreted in terms of a difficulty in children with ASD and KS with complex cognitive and linguistic processes and also in relation with clinical assessment. View Full-Text
Keywords: idioms; metaphors; comprehension; autism spectrum disorder; Klinefelter syndrome; children idioms; metaphors; comprehension; autism spectrum disorder; Klinefelter syndrome; children
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Melogno, S.; Pinto, M.A.; Scalisi, T.G.; Orsolini, M.; Tarani, L.; Di Filippo, G. Reasoning on Figurative Language: A Preliminary Study on Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Klinefelter Syndrome. Brain Sci. 2019, 9, 58.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Brain Sci. EISSN 2076-3425 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top